Journal of Public Administration - Volume 42, Issue 4, 2007
Volumes & issues
Volume 42, Issue 4, 2007
Total quality management for organizational success, Journal of Public Administration : 41 (4.1) : erratumSource: Journal of Public Administration 42 (2007)More Less
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 42 (2007)More Less
It is often argued that public administration creates the framework within which public services should be managed. This implies that managers should manage the activities within their respective branches, sections or units in such a way that services could be rendered. The current spate of unrest in a number of municipalities has an undertone of lack of service delivery as the focus point of the frustration. In various cases inefficient water supply or under performance by private contractors are quoted as reasons for the inability to meet the basic needs of the particular community.
Author C.J. NapierSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 376 –390 (2007)More Less
Accountability has become an increasingly important notion in the conduct of government in the African context and the South African context in particular. An attempt is made at providing an operational definition of the notion of accountability. Legislative provisions are referred to in support of the application of the notion of accountability in the South African context. The various structures and electoral mechanisms both external and internal are referred to which support the process of accounting. Specific reference is made to the operation of these mechanisms by referring to the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 391 –402 (2007)More Less
The purpose of this article is to highlight the challenges in recognising, for the first time, public sector entities' assets such as property, plant and equipment in their statements of its financial position. Currently government departments do not have reliable fixed assets registers. The process of applying accrual accounting is therefore seriously hampered. The research revealed that the asset capturing process would take more than three years and might be ready only by 2011 - 12 years after the promulgation of the PFMA in 1999. Although GRAP 17 Property, plant and equipment provides assistance, some confusion still exists among government officials regarding the measurement of assets that are required to be recognised for the first time.
Public sector employees' perception on performance management system's influence on career developmentSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 403 –413 (2007)More Less
In the period 2000-2002, the Performance Management System (PMS) and career development were emerging concepts in the Eastern Cape Province and work was beginning to take shape in this area of employee development. This article is based on a study that made use of the non-experimental qualitative focus group discussions. Through thematic analysis, themes were revealed from the verbatim responses of participants outlining how public sector employees perceive the PMS and career development. The aim of this article is to present the findings of, clarify the result of the study and highlight some directions for the future implementation of the PMS programme in the public sector. The responses revealed that the PMS has not been fully implemented in the province, with some departments reporting that they only received an introduction to the PMS. While no conclusive correlation between PMS and the career development of public servants the Eastern Cape ProvincialGovernment (ECPG) could be established, the article makes some pertinent recommendations for the improvement of the implementation of the PMS. The background to some of the challenges currently being faced in implementing the PMS are highlighted and include, inter alia, a dearth of communication, implementation inconsistency, lack of role clarity and the absence of support from senior management.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 414 –425 (2007)More Less
Technical regulations are critical for competitive regional and national economies. This stems from the fact that an undirected and uncontrollable world trade regime can be chaotic and irresponsible thereby undermining the quality and safety of products and consequently endanger the lives of the consumer. Various regions have both embarked on technical regulatory reforms to eliminate these problems and to realign their technical regulations with the requirements of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) specifications. These reforms are also expected to assist member countries to have a competitive edge on trade relations and ensure the accrual of gains from trade liberation initiatives. African countries seem to be lagging behind, both as individual states or regional groupings such as the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). The current technical regulatory systems in Africa are still fragmented, inefficient and ineffective to position African countries for world trade competitiveness. It is with this in mind that this article is written explore the technical regulatory framework in African countries against the background of reforms in Asia and Europe with a view to provide recommendations for an effective and efficient technical regulatory regime that would expedite investment and economic recovery for the continent.
Author M.K. IngleSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 426 –433 (2007)More Less
Crime is obstructing urban planners' efforts to wean South Africans from their motor cars back to using mass public transport. This in turn leads to traffic congestion and urban sprawl as motorised transport makes living on the urban peripheries, where property prices also tend to be cheaper, more viable. Analysts agree that a primary aim of planning law is to contribute to the citizenry's safety and security, but a major contributor to traffic congestion is the need parents feel nowadays to ferry their children to and from school due to its being too unsafe for them to walk or cycle. The dangers of traveling by train are highlighted by class-action cases brought against Metrorail for failing to provide adequate security on its lines.
There is a range of South African land-use legislation which calls for urban compaction. The Integrated Development Plan (IDP) is the instrument municipal planners should be using to give effect to these legislative dictates. Unfortunately where the business sector is not consulted in the formulation of these plans many of the impacts of crime on urban lifestyles are overlooked and tend not to be factored into the planning calculus.
Public Finance Fundamentals, Kabelo Moeti (Editor),Tito Khalo, John Mafunisa, Sipho Nsingo and Reddy T. Makondo : book reviewSource: Journal of Public Administration 42, pp 434 –435 (2007)More Less
In South Africa there is a growing need for a publication in public finance. The book Public Finance Fundamentals is a contribution in filling this gap and the authors should therefore be applauded. The publication harmonises economics, politics, accounting, budgeting and privatisation into one publication and should provide the reader with basic fundamentals to comprehend financial concepts within a complex public sector environment.