n Journal of Public Administration - Corruption in the public sector : a comparative analysis
|Article Title||Corruption in the public sector : a comparative analysis|
|© Publisher:||South African Association of Public Administration and Management (SAAPAM)|
|Journal||Journal of Public Administration|
|Publication Date||Nov 2007|
|Pages||285 - 299|
|Keyword(s)||North West University|
Corruption erodes respect for the law and deters honest people from entering the public service. To overcome this scenario, the anti-corruption measures for ethical and good governance were discussed during the G8 Summit in Heiligendamm. In an era of globalisation, bribery is considered as a tool of developing networks and contacts for better opportunities. Corruption therefore is severely affecting the organisations and ordinary peoples' lives. This article is a reflection of form and extent of corruption at global level. Through comparative analysis of diverse countries, the challenges to combat corruption are discussed. Through the Global Corruption Barometer, Corruption Perceptions Index and Global Corruption Reports, the paper identifies the anti-corruption strategies adopted by various countries. In line with the global concern regarding combating corruption, the conventions that apply in Africa are: United Nations Convention against Corruption (2003), African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption (2003), Southern African Development Community (SADC) Protocol against Corruption (2001) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Protocol on the Fight against Corruption (2001). These conventions provide a comprehensive approach to identify problems related to corruption, measures to prevent corruption and measures related to international co-operation against corruption. The global and African experiences warned South Africa to take adequate, relevant and timely measures to fight corruption. On June 19, South Africa became the 37th signatory and first African country to join the OECD's Anti-Bribery Convention (1997). The article concludes with the recommendations to reform the public service, educate the public, maintain ethical and professional employee culture and stresses on national integrity systems in order to sustain good governance.
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