Journal of Public Administration - Volume 43, Issue 1, 2008
Volumes & issues
Volume 43, Issue 1, 2008
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 1 –2 (2008)More Less
In this issue of the Journal contributions are made by Matshabaphala on the need to develop a corporate culture through effective leadership to improve service delivery. Waterman and Penceliah address the complex phenomenon of the AIDS pandemic and quote as case study the situation in Lesotho. Hoyos and Uys present a theoretical perspective on fiscal decentralisation in developing countries.
Author M.D.J. MatshabaphalaSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 3 –12 (2008)More Less
This article argues that some of the service delivery-related concerns raised by members of the public are attributable to poor leadership in some of the government departments. The concept of leadership in this article is not about the positions that employees occupy in the public service. It is instead about the behaviour of the public officials in the delivery of services to the clientele communities. This article further argues that through leadership, that is, desirable behaviour in the public service, a corporate culture can be developed and maintained. The development and maintenance of a corporate culture can translate into the improvement of the quality of the delivery of public services at all spheres. This imperative entails public officials changing on their behaviour at service points and beyond. This is a development that would lead to both the development and maintenance of a corporate culture in the public service. The delivery of services in the public sector is in need of a corporate culture.
Author N. WatermanSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 13 –25 (2008)More Less
Lesotho has one of the highest rates of HIV / AIDS in the world. The country is also one of the poorest in Africa and has high rates of unemployment. These factors contribute to the vulnerability of women in particular, and their susceptibility to commercial sex work as a survival strategy. National policies and programmatic interventions to address the HIV / AIDS pandemic emphasize the role of information, education and communication. This approach has limited applicability in the context of commercial sex work with regard to sexual mixing patterns, condom use, population group specificity and the top-down nature of public policy-making. This paper suggests that psychological, political and economic empowerment of women are crucial responses to HIV / AIDS transmission, particularly through commercial sex work. The article concludes that the development of more appropriate HIV / AIDS policies in Lesotho should address the weakness of information, education and communication. Specifically, it should take greater cognizance of commercial sex work in the country.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 26 –43 (2008)More Less
Fiscal decentralisation may create a better delivery of public services and a faster response to local and national responsibilities. However a major constraint towards an effective fiscal decentralisation process is the phenomenon of inadequate finance to sub-national governments especially in developing countries. Fiscal decentralisation in developing countries has been approached in different ways and has yielded different results. In order to have sound fiscal decentralisation processes and efficient intergovernmental fiscal relations, several key changes have to be followed. Although there is no one right way to implement fiscal decentralisation these frameworks should be improved if countries wish to secure profitable and effective development of their fiscal decentralisation processes.
The process of fiscal decentralisation comprises many interrelated, interdependent, and mutually-supporting processes; it is important that all components be considered in conjunction with the others. If correctly implemented, fiscal decentralisation can be a feasible way to obtain poverty reduction and to provide an enabling environment for human development and economic growth.
Author T.I. NzimakweSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 44 –58 (2008)More Less
Public participation in the life of a government and parliament is not just a moral obligation on the part of parliament and legislators, but is also a constitutional obligation. Good governance must include initiatives to strengthen the institutions of government and civil society, with a view to making government transparent, democratic and accountable to the public. Participation in the governance and administration of a country by legislators together with civil society are indispensable if the state is to function effectively. This prevents the abuse or misuse of administrative authority and political power. It also serves as a check on the activities of the administrators and rulers, and allows a diversity of viewpoints to be aired. The aim of this article is to get the views of citizens regarding the role they can play in governance. Questionnaires with open and close-ended questions were administered to members of the civil society. The results indicate that civil society, like other stakeholders, want to make a contribution on issues of governance.
Author M.P. SebolaSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 59 –72 (2008)More Less
Tourism in the Republic of South Africa appears to have missed the opportunity to contribute meaningfully to the country's economy. South Africa has great ecotourism potential, yet as reported prior to the 1994 first democratic election in the country, ecotourism contributed only 2% to the economy. The apartheid ideology in the country has to share the blame for the low economic contribution as tourism activities were based on discriminatory laws. This article therefore, investigates the role of ecotourism in the economy of the country, in particular the potential for improving the economic contribution of the rural communities, and the previous ecotourism politics which compromised its potential for improving its economic contribution, and its previous ecotourism politics which compromised South Africa's ecotourism potential to contribute to the economic development of the rural communities.
Research findings : professional conduct by registered nurses in selected public hospitals in Limpopo province: a comparative studyAuthor B.L. DolamoSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 73 –87 (2008)More Less
This research explores the problem of inadequacy in professional conduct by registered nurses in caring for post-laparotomy (undergone major abdominal surgery) patients. The discussion focuses on the degree of (in) efficiency in three levels which are; compliance, partial compliance and noncompliance in caring for post-laparotomy patients. The standards set by Muller (1999) in conjunction with the South African Nursing Council (SANC) address the following dimensions: knowledge, skills / competencies, scientifically-based care, recording, teamwork / networking, health promotion, therapeutic environment and accountability. However, comparing these standards may differ due to a variety of conditions in selected public hospitals e.g. staff composition / skills mix, stock and supplies, staffing situation, medication prescribed (availability), recording format, and supervision.
Author Sam KomaSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 88 –89 (2008)More Less
The book begins with the founding principles of the new South African Constitutional order and the normative principles underpinning the new local government legal dispensation. This is followed by succinct reflection on the brief history of local government in South Africa. It further offers the process of transformation and restructuring of local government. Key to this analysis includes the current financial constraints and global and national trends facing local government.