Journal of Public Administration - Special issue 2, November 2008
Volumes & issues
Special issue 2, November 2008
Source: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 419 –420 (2008)More Less
The transformation of the South Africa local government system in the early 1990s witnessed service delivery come to the forefront of key issues confronting local government, hence the adoption of developmental local government approach. Since then municipalities have become a critical partner in the state's obligation to provide a better life for all. However, municipalities in the Republic of South Africa face many challenges. These challenges include the encouragement of the community and community based organisations to participate effectively in local government affairs.
Author N.S. MashambaSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 421 –435 (2008)More Less
Over the last number of years, it has become evident that development interventions with a strong sectoral emphasis are not adequate to deal with the complexity of developmental challenges. Instead, there has been a gradual shift towards the simultaneous - rather than sequential - pursuit of diverse objectives, such as provision of basic services, environmental sustainability, transparency and public accountability, poverty eradication and gender empowerment. The Republic of South Africa's approach to development is centred on integrated governance and has, to some extent, played an important role in accelerating service delivery in previously disadvantaged communities. This article describes and critiques the IDP institutional arrangements, process facilitation and content compilation in the Limpopo Province. This is done in a quest to develop best practices in terms of integrated development planning and service delivery. Several pieces of legislation influence the nature of planning in South Africa, all of which focus on improving integration. The article argues, therefore, that integrated development planning should be undertaken in line with the constitutional and legislative prescripts to create conditions for economic growth, and to move the poor from welfare into the workforce.
Framework for strengthening the capacity of municipalities in South Africa : a developmental local government perspectiveAuthor M.H. MaserumuleSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 436 –451 (2008)More Less
From a developmental local government perspective, this article proposes a framework for strengthening the capacity of municipalities in South Africa. The article is presented in a user-friendly manner for a wider readership and easy application in a local government set-up. The framework that the article proposes, is based on three components of organisational competency profile, namely knowledge, skills and values. This intellectual exercise is set against the background that, as the article contends, most municipalities in South Africa are experiencing a major challenge in their attempts to assert themselves as developmental municipalities. For contextual reasons, the article starts with a reflection on developmental local government to acquire more insight into what it entails. In the discussion on this notion of a developmental local government the problematique that prompted this intellectual contribution to the body of knowledge is clearly enunciated. This is followed by a propositional reflection on how the capacity of municipalities in the country could be enhanced.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 452 –460 (2008)More Less
The municipal ward committees and IDP Representative Forums are the arenas within which integrated development planning takes place, the end-results are IDP documents that have to be reviewed annually to incorporate social learning, emerging priorities and new resource opportunities. The key assumption is that decisions on development are more viable, effective and sustainable when the people they affect are integrally part of the decision-making - and the implementation - process. This article examines the variety of channels and processes for public participation in the integrated development planning (IDP) processes in the Limpopo Province. It also focuses on the policy and legislative framework underpinning public participation in the IDP processes. Legislation requires that the IDP process should structurally incorporate the voice of communities affected by planning. It is expected that participation in local development planning should address the real needs of local communities. The notion of public participation is central to the IDP model. Despite the opportunities that have been created for public participation in the IDP processes, the article argues, the poor and the marginalised groups still have far less influence in governing and policy-making processes than other more organised interest groups.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 461 –472 (2008)More Less
This article analyses the relationship between the Integrated Development Plan (IDP) and the public participation process in the Republic of South Africa's new democracy. Given wide and general nature of this topic, the article focuses on the role of public participation in the IDP processes. Firstly, the article attempts to define the term ''public participation'' within the context of the IDP in South Africa. Secondly, it briefly outlines the methods and approaches used to articulate the public participation process in the South African environment. Thirdly, the article explores South Africa's rationale for adopting the IDP; the duration of this plan; its uniqueness, strengths and weaknesses; its importance to the development process as well as its relevance to the public participation process in South Africa. Fourthly, the article examines the factors affecting public participation using selected models of participation as examples. In conclusion, the article examines the tools for measuring the impact of inputs by members of the public in the public participation process; and obstacles and challenges to effective public participation in the IDP process in South Africa.
Integrated development planning (IDP) and local economic development (LED) in South Africa : the power-twinsSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 473 –482 (2008)More Less
The gap for which both integrated development planning (IDP) and local economic development (LED) as municipal interventions have been designed for is to respond to the distortions and the characteristic features of apartheid planning. Those that have left most South African cities, towns and villages with profound developmental challenges. Both the municipal interventions are seen as power-twins without which the country's development agenda can not be achieved. Some of the aspects that explain these municipal interventions as power-twins are their dominance over other municipal programmes and interventions. The two shares a special bond and possess common characteristics that serve as a means with which integration at municipal spheres of government can be achieved. This article focuses on the essence of the relationship between the IDP and LED, the conceptualisation and contextualisation of the IDP and LED, the IDP - LED theoretical framework, the link between the IDP and LED and common characteristics between the IDP and LED.
Author V.P.P. SeemelaSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 483 –491 (2008)More Less
The imperatives of a developmental state necessitate that the quality of life of citizens must be enhanced through improved delivery of public services and the creation of an appropriate environment to maximise the participation of the citizens in the mainstream economy, particularly those that were previously marginalised by the apartheid system. Improving service delivery and creating a suitable climate for equitable citizen participation in the mainstream economy are two challenges confronting the government. These are challenges that require co-operation. Co-operation in South Africa is achieved in various ways that including Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). This article identifies dimensions of PPPs e.g. on how they can inform government departments on enhancing service delivery and facilitate good governance in a developmental state. Secondly, the article takes a closer look at the constitutional and legislative framework for PPPs. It thirdly considers successful projects undertaken in South Africa within PPP agreements. Lastly, the article suggests ways that a government department should consider before becoming involved in PPPs to limit possible failures.
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 492 –511 (2008)More Less
Democratising the system of local government in South Africa required a total transformation of all the municipalities and the services they provide. Local government as government closest to the people demanded particular attention as the services they are expected to provide in a transformed system affect the daily lives of all inhabitants of the state. During the apartheid regime South Africa consisted of racially based local authorities responsible for a limited number of municipal services. The major transformation commenced in 1998 with the establishment of comprehensive municipalities with extensive functions covering the total geographic area. The aim of this article is to briefly trace the stages in the development of the new system of local government and administration. Particular attention will be paid to the role of the elected municipal council and its substructures and the administrative structure with a municipal manager as the chief executive officer. The political administrative interface will be addressed to explain the implications of democracy on the operations of municipalities. The challenges and prospects of the current system will also receive attention and to explain the lessons learned after 10 years.
Author M.H. KanyaneSource: Journal of Public Administration 43, pp 512 –519 (2008)More Less
Integrated Development Planning (referred to commonly as IDP in this article) is a process which is informed by a legal framework, and thus constitutes an imperative for long term planning which requires skilled municipal officials to manage it. The role of university is critical to create and enhance the human resource capital. However, universities in general were in the past criticized for failing to provide practical innovative skills and orientation of its educational offerings in the work place. All of this have changed in the past decade due to the new education landscape crafted in 2004 which amongst others, configured and merged the Higher Educational Institutions and continues to dictate them to be skills oriented in respond to training needs. The Council on Higher Education is the custodian of education offerings in all registered higher educational institutions with the Department of Education; as such the programmes and module contents are expected to be revised on a regular basis to meet the specific market needs. A need has arisen that an IDP module should be designed and incorporated into the Local Government Programme, be it a certificate, a diploma or a degree, to create a room for strengthening IDP institutional capacity. This article argues that higher educational institutions with Public and Municipal Administration programmes as one of their offerings should take a lead in re-engineering municipal capacity building, most importantly IDPs and Local Economic Development (LED). In short, IDPs should be formalised into the curriculum of an educational institution informed by curricular renewal, re-engineering and humanising pedagogy.