Journal of Public Administration - Volume 44, Issue 4, 2009
Volumes & issues
Volume 44, Issue 4, 2009
Public Procurement Accountability in Municipalities, in the South African Association of Public Administration and Management 10th Annual Conference Proceedings, Journal of Public Administration, 44 (3.2) 2009 : pp. 160-170 : erratumAuthor L. NtonzimaSource: Journal of Public Administration 44 (2009)More Less
From compliance to performance : a leadership challenge in the South African public service, Journal of Public Administration, 44 (3) 2009 : pp. 60-469 : erratumAuthor T.B. LuthuliSource: Journal of Public Administration 44 (2009)More Less
Author C. ThornhillSource: Journal of Public Administration 44, pp 1077 –1078 (2009)More Less
The year 2009 could probably be considered as the most productive in the 44 year history of the Journal of Public Administration. In the seven issues published during this year 64 adjudicated articles were published. A further 15 adjudicated papers read at the Tenth Annual Conference of the South African Association of Public Administration and Management, the Journal's parent Association, were also made available on a CD Rom on the first day of the Conference held in Port Elizabeth from 7-9 October 2009. During the latter occasion the Editor was also awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award for his contributions to the Discipline over a period spanning more than 30 years and ten years as editor of the Journal. The Editor wishes to express his gratitude for the honour bestowed on him and wishes the Association and the Journal continued development and expansion for the next decade.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 44, pp 1079 –1089 (2009)More Less
This article empirically analyses the impact that tax induced retirement benefits (pension payouts) have on contractual saving and consumption behaviour in South Africa. By using a basic extended Ando-Modigliani life cycle model it is shown that pension payouts accumulated through deductible contributions to retirement schemes contribute towards increased levels of consumption expenditure with the crowding out of discretionary household saving. The results also suggest that the taxing of retirement benefits under the current tax structure may discourage individuals to save through retirement schemes and instead encourages increased levels of current consumption expenditure. The econometric technique used is the Engle-Granger (1987) method of estimation. Estimates of the impact of retirement benefits on consumption expenditure are robust also when regressed on per capita government deficit ratios and unemployment. Thus, the tax treatment of retirement schemes in South Africa may have adverse effects on saving largely influenced by the discounted value of retirement benefits.
Author T.M. RuhiigaSource: Journal of Public Administration 44, pp 1090 –1101 (2009)More Less
There has been little research conducted in South Africa on the cost of corruption in the context of the interface between public services and recipients at delivery sites. This article presents an exploratory overview of the challenges of corruption in service delivery with specific reference to impact and cost. It surveys the theory of corruption, South Africa's relative ranking in terms of the corruption perception, provides the institutional weaknesses in anti-corruption efforts and introduces a methodology for costing corruption. An interactive multiplier mechanism has been developed that could be used to quantify the cost of corruption. The article argues that the approach could then provide foundation tools for confronting corruption in an integrated and holistic manner. The significance of the discussion lies in its identification of a research agenda providing potential areas of focus and, in developing a methodology allowing for a systematic approach in the costing of corruption in service delivery.
Affirmative Action Policy : the administrative efficiency and socio-cultural impact on the South African societyAuthor M. SebolaSource: Journal of Public Administration 44, pp 1102 –1113 (2009)More Less
This article analyses and evaluates the implementation of the affirmative action policy in the context of South African public administration and its societal impact. The affirmative action policy in the South African context does not apply to only the South African public sector employees, but applies to all South African companies in order to balance the unequal representation of the South African labour force in terms of race, gender and disabilities. In the context of this article, the affirmative action policy addresses the unequal representation of the South African public servants in terms of gender, race and disabilities. The successful implementation of the policy assures the South African society, a just, democratic, and equal opportunity representative public administration, characterized by harmony of diversity in race, gender and disabilities. Often the implementation of certain policies, bring more challenges into the picture than the deficiencies they were intended to solve. The purpose of this article is, therefore, to determine the extent to which the affirmative action policy is beneficial to the South African public administration, and to the South African society, in terms of economic, cultural and political development. The article establishes whether the policy hinders rather than assist the South African society's political, social, and cultural development.
Author D. FourieSource: Journal of Public Administration 44, pp 1114 –1123 (2009)More Less
Good governance reflects effective management and effective stewardship of public resources in an ever-changing and competitive international environment. The manner in which departmental activities are conducted is the critical link between inputs and outputs, that is, the effective and efficient utilisation of resources. Maximisation of organisational performance in relation to good governance should focus on improving institutional mechanisms such as leadership, the setting of clear operating principles, the quality of control systems and accountability. This paper explains the role played by institutional mechanisms such as strategic and operational plans, budgeting, transversal systems and internal and external auditing in upholding good governance.
Co-operatives as part of social security mainstream for poverty alleviation in selected municipalitiesAuthor M.H. KanyaneSource: Journal of Public Administration 44, pp 1124 –1137 (2009)More Less
The article presents the case studies of co-operatives which are established on the premise of alleviating poverty with special reference to selected provinces in South Africa from a comparative international perspective. The concept co-operative is developmentally focused, thus referring to member groups who share a common socio-economic interest. It fits into the developmental context of local government as part of the social security mainstream. The article addresses this issue: developing a right-based approach towards providing a proper safety net for the poor through amongst others, appropriate social assistance responses which extends partially to using legal strategies to ensure that social development approaches are given priority alongside economic development considerations. This article is limited to worker co-operatives in particular because they are directly involved in alleviating poverty in the country especially in the rural communities. The article focuses on their shortcomings and the ways in which their shortcomings can be circumvented to contribute in combating unemployment and poverty in South Africa.
Author L.P. MalanSource: Journal of Public Administration 44, pp 1138 –1148 (2009)More Less
In South Africa, the term co-operative government is increasingly used in the context of environmental management whilst public participation is enshrined in the South African legal framework. Within the context of co-operative environmental management, concepts such as intergovernmental relations, partnerships, collaboration and co-management are brought into consideration; thus emphasising the importance of working together and soliciting public input to manage the environment in a sustainable manner.
The article argues that the notion of managing the environment on the basis of co-operative government principles and active stakeholder participation is currently a topical issue among the South African policy and development fraternity. In addition, various role-players argue that to promote sustainability, a multi-dimensional approach may be applicable as far as environmental management is concerned.
In South Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa, the fragmentation of public sector entities dealing with different elements of the environment, result in some measure of disjointed application of environmental policies and legislation. The article further contends that proper interaction and co-ordination among government departments in the management of the environment is crucial if individuals and institutions wish to honour the principles of co-operative government and intergovernmental relations as outlined in Chapter 3 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 and concomitant legislation.
The article examines and clarifies terminologies associated with co-operative environmental management as well as to provide an overview on the legal mechanisms for co-operative environmental management. It will circumvent and will further reiterate that the relevance of a multi-dimensional model for co-operative environmental management in South Africa is paramount to sustainable co-operative government in an era of new leadership and policy innovations.
Author D. SingSource: Journal of Public Administration 44, pp 1149 –1157 (2009)More Less
Communication competency is one of the eleven key management competencies constituting the performance management and development framework for Senior Managers in the South African Public Service. The communication phenomenon is complex and multi-faceted as evidenced by the communication competency definition and proficiency levels. Persuasion coupled with conversation and dialogue could be regarded as driving forces for effective communication, however, there are barriers to overcome. This article attempts in highlighting and discussing key concepts and processes that will enhance the insights of senior public service managers. Communication as a human activity carried out by human beings can be impact-driven and successful by having an understanding of emotional intelligence, diversity in the workplace and vigilant ethical behaviour.
Author M.J. SefalaSource: Journal of Public Administration 44, pp 1158 –1172 (2009)More Less
This article argues that local government is a sphere of government through which the national government delivers its services to the people. Local government as such, is a systems that is well positioned to deliver service to communities and to implement the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP). However, local government, through municipalities, can deliver services to communities where community involvement and participation are strong. The article is conducted within the qualitative paradigm, based on a literature review, personal visits to and interviews with traditional leaders and elected municipal councillors of municipalities such as the Lepelle-Nkumpi and Aganang municipalities in the Limpopo Province. The primary findings are that the establishment and practices of the developmental local government are constituted. In terms of the existing legislation, traditional leaders are likely to influence policy and decision-making in municipalities in the rest of South Africa.