Journal of Public Administration - Volume 45, Issue 3, 2010
Volumes & issues
Volume 45, Issue 3, 2010
Author M.J. MafunisaSource: Journal of Public Administration 45, pp 400 –401 (2010)More Less
The FIFA 2010 Soccer World Cup has been regarded as highly successful both in the eyes of the FIFA bosses and South Africans, as well as in the eyes of the world. This successful hosting of an event of such magnitude has further put South Africa on an international pedestal in that governments around the world are convinced of the ability of South Africa to champion and uphold its own developmental initiatives. As a matter of fact, the hosting of this global event also meant that South Africa is the only country in the world that has hosted the three major world cup events of cricket, rugby and soccer. This is an important milestone in considering the skills level and competency of the South African government to accelerate public service delivery. However, this has not always been the case as there is always a space to effect governance and service delivery improvements. This Journal issue contains a wide variety of articles that engage relevant aspects to which the government of South Africa needs to pay attention in order to address its socio-economic malaise. In this regard, Mle and Qwase consider the efficacy of the portfolio committees of the Eastern Cape Provincial Legislature. This article concludes by considering ways in which relations between portfolio committees and provincial government officials could be ameliorated.
An evaluation of the efficacy of the Eastern Cape provincial legislature : the case of the portfolio committeesSource: Journal of Public Administration 45, pp 402 –412 (2010)More Less
In terms of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 section 114(2) 'a provincial legislature must provide for mechanisms to ensure that all provincial executive organs of state in the province are accountable to it; and to maintain oversight of the exercise of provincial executive authority in the province including the implementation of legislation...' To fulfil this constitutional obligation a provincial legislature appoints members to constitute Parliamentary Standing Committees which perform oversight functions over the activities of public institutions. The purpose of this article is to determine or ascertain the effectiveness of Portfolio Committees in ensuring that departments carry out on their mandate of delivering a better life for all through efficient, effective rendering of services by enhancing service delivery in the Province of the Eastern Cape.
The first part of the article examines the role of Portfolio Committees in exercising their constitutional and legislative mandate in relation to oversight, particularly in determining whether departmental priorities are carried out and in holding MEC's accountable through their role and ability to interrogate budgets and annual reports. The article also highlights the role played by the Portfolio Committees in dealing with the National Council of Provinces section 76 bills and some of the problems associated with the public hearings involving these bills. It further highlights some adverse reports on the Eastern Cape Provincial administration.
The last part of the article explores the relationship between Portfolio Committees and government officials; a relationship that on occasion is fraught with and characterised by tension and conflict. Furthermore, it attempts to provide ways to ameliorate this relationship.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 45, pp 413 –435 (2010)More Less
The public sector work environment needs leaders who are able to drive transformation, while managing the performance of their work units effectively. Since leadership effectiveness represents the standards by which leaders are judged, a crucial aspect of leadership effectiveness relates to the perceptions of those who are being led. The aim of this research was to obtain the perceptions of followers and leaders regarding leadership effectiveness within a public sector institution in South Africa, by utilising the South African developed Leadership Behavioural Inventory (LBI). The LBI was developed by Spangenberg and Theron (2002), and is based on transformational and transactional managerial elements needed by leaders to lead successfully within the unique South African context.
The sample consisted of 570 participants, including 114 middle-level leaders and their subordinates. Overall, the results showed that the sample obtained scores much lower in comparison to those of other South African organisational leaders within various industries. Further, it seemed that the sample of public sector leaders in this institution focuses significantly more on people- and performance-related issues, than on external and internal institutional environmental issues, including pro-activity and challenging the status quo.
Author V.P.P. DisoloaneSource: Journal of Public Administration 45, pp 436 –446 (2010)More Less
Public service in South Africa is characterised by widespread allegations of unethical conduct, and this has generated widespread concern among politicians and public officials and consequently a search for remedies. In order to promote positive ethical conduct in the South African public service, it is important to facilitate a process of behavioural change. Ideally this would create a situation where values, articulated particularly in the public service environment, were synonymous with the values espoused in that environment (Muthien, 1994). It is therefore important that ethical conduct be promoted in public institutions. The point of argument that will be presented in this paper is as follows: If the South African public service has a code of conduct, why is the ethical behaviour of officials and politicians not improving? What is the statutory and regulatory framework that guides officials and politicians on ethical conduct? The paper will investigate how societal values as well as training and education can be used as possible remedies for improving conduct in the South African public service.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 45, pp 447 –466 (2010)More Less
This article explores current issues pertaining to the SMME procurement process on a local government sphere within the scope of three Gauteng metropolitan areas. The process itself is known to be the subject of various concerns regarding, firstly, the efficiency and effectiveness of local government and, secondly, entrepreneurial performance on the part of SMMEs. Government procurement offers rewarding business opportunities for the SMME sector, with the resultant beneficial outcomes, such as economic growth and social-economic development. This process has to integrate an efficient entrepreneurship-enabling environment that supports and simplifies the procurement process and contributes to developing long-term business sustainability. This study endeavours to create a platform for enablement by identifying the current issues that impede a positive and effective procurement system from both the supplier and government / client sides of the value chain. The research study is of particular relevance to policy makers and local government procurement managers as it examines the extent and characteristics of SMME involvement in the procurement process in terms of benefits and risks, and enabling and constraining factors towards business efficiency.
Comparison of the income and expenditure patterns of selected rural communities in the Nwanedi River Basin with poor townships in SowetoSource: Journal of Public Administration 45, pp 467 –484 (2010)More Less
The aim of this article is to determine the income and expenditure patterns of the employed, unemployed and not economically active populations of selected rural communities in the Nwanedi River Basin and to compare them with poor townships in Soweto. The article analyses the poverty gap of every household. Due to the sensitivity of households about their income, the questionnaire surveys the expenditure in great detail to determine monthly expenditure. Not surprisingly, many households have a higher expenditure per month than their income. Some respondents refused to divulge their income and in other cases it is obvious that the income is too low to afford the expenditure per month. These and other problems create the opportunity to solve these issues in this article. The selected villages form part of the Vhembe District Municipality of Limpopo and are arguably the poorest area in South Africa. Soweto is a world-renowned city with many suburbs and large differences in income. A poorer suburb in Soweto with similar income and size is selected for the comparison. Calculating the income according to employment status shows that many households are dependent on pensions and child grants. Although research has been done in urban areas such as Soweto, very little empirical research has been done in rural areas in South Africa.