Journal of Public Administration - Volume 46, Issue 3, 2011
Volumes & issues
Volume 46, Issue 3, 2011
State of governance in Africa at the turn of the centenary of the African National Congress : reflective perspectives from scholarship and practice : 12th Annual ConferenceSource: Journal of Public Administration 46 (2011)More Less
Author M.J. MafunisaSource: Journal of Public Administration 46 (2011)More Less
Public sector institutions have always been under pressure to provide services to members of the public, taxpayers, in an efficient, economic and effective manner. Public institutions are also under pressure from the private sector to create a conducive environment within which local economic development can be enhanced. It is therefore the strategic role of government to not only create a conducive environment but also to formulate policies and structures which ensure that the financial, human and economic resources of the country are utilised for the good of the communities. The collection of articles brought together in this issue of the Journal of Public Administration represents some of the interesting articles which seek to address some of the pressures identified above.
The strategic position and intergovernmental relations roles of South Africa's local economic development agenciesAuthor S.R. MalefaneSource: Journal of Public Administration 46, pp 977 –993 (2011)More Less
The creation of local economic development agencies (LEDAs) is a result of the South African government's efforts to increase socio-economic benefits in communities. As opposed to national and provincial sector departments, LEDAs as municipal actors, locate the local economic development (LED) agenda in its rightful place, in municipalities. LEDAs counteract LED initiatives imposed from national and provincial sector departments that often generate skewed and distorted development patterns in municipalities, and between urban and rural municipalities. LEDAs possess a locational advantage and their mandates, legislative frameworks and strategic objectives, as well as their structural composition, allow them to play multiple roles that are geared towards the creation of economic opportunities in communities. These roles of LEDAs uncover available and opportune networks together with which they can make meaningful impact in communities they serve. LEDAs' roles are sought to be embedded within the intergovernmental relations framework and are referred to as intersectoral, extra-sectoral and international roles. In this way, LEDAs assume a meaningful role and offer a significant contribution to the implementation of LED.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 46, pp 994 –1004 (2011)More Less
This article examines local business environments and their improvement as a foundation for Local Economic Development (LED). The international experience of LED points to the need for public administrators to acknowledge the significance of local business environments. It is contended that enhanced local state-private sector relations are necessary for undertaking reform of local business environments. Recent research surveys of private sector business chambers show that in many parts of South Africa there exists consider-able mistrust between the private sector and local governments. Accordingly, the need exists for expanding communication, building greater dialogue and forging more solid relationships between the public and private sector in order to support the achievement of 'competitive local economies' and of LED objectives in South Africa through programmatic reform of local business environments.
Author L. NtonzimaSource: Journal of Public Administration 46, pp 1010 –1022 (2011)More Less
The quandary of basic financial management systems and control functioning within the South African municipalities is no hyperbolic matter but a reality that delivers poor results, evident from one financial year to another, yet there is no change in the controls and evaluation of the 'not able to deliver' financial management system. This sphere of government should deliver on the Constitutional mandate as expected by the poor populace. Unfortunately there appears to be no solid financial control mechanisms laid down to enable deliverance to the needy poor of the country.Can this state of affairs as a matter of audit reports continue with no consequences to those responsible and accountable within the municipalities? What are the implications of this financial malpractice on the entire functioning of a municipality? This paper analyses the prevailing state of financial management within municipalities and outlines how critical it is for each municipality to have optimal functioning financial systems and controls to carry out municipal plans and deliver quality services. The article argues further that the prevailing basic financial management and control systems can be salvaged through deliberate deliverance-oriented programmes that are dependent on strengthened financial controls and a conducive working environment. There is a need for pragmatic and strategic focus on the necessary detail that will invoke the spirit of delivery to the electorate.
The role of traditional leadership in a developmental state : the case of greater Sekhukhune district municipality of South AfricaSource: Journal of Public Administration 46, pp 1023 –1038 (2011)More Less
Despite constitutional provisions for traditional leadership in South Africa, traditional leaders have not been clearly recognised since the advent of democracy in 1994. Yet centuries ago, this type of leadership served as part of the history of the natives. In underscoring governmental functions, the 1996 Constitution makes provision for the three spheres of government, namely, national, provincial and local government. However, in some provinces such as KwaZulu-Natal, the king receives a substantial amount of funding from the provincial government in order to run the affairs of his kingdom. In such cases, standardised guidelines, accountability mechanisms and roles are not clearly stated for all traditional leaders in South Africa. In making sense of the role of traditional leadership in South Africa, a qualitative research in the form of focus group discussions was undertaken with the traditional leaders of the Greater Sekhukhune District Municipality. The purpose of this article is to understand the role (relevance and contribution) of traditional leadership in South Africa during the post-1994 democratic dispensation. The issues raised by these traditional leaders are that the current democratic government has reduced them to the role of preserving cultural heritage and does not include them in socioeconomic activities; hence these traditional leaders are regarded by some sections of society as irrelevant.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 46, pp 1039 –1054 (2011)More Less
Talent management (otherwise known as human capital management) is an integrated strategic and deliberate activity, performed by both private sector and public sector organisations. It directs how organisations source, attract, select, train, develop, retain, promote and deploy employees. Research done on the value of such systems implemented within particular organisations consistently uncovers benefits in these critical economic areas: revenue creation, customer satisfaction, quality, productivity, cycle time, and market capitalisation. However, for the purposes of employee development and succession planning, it may be prudent to consider talent management as a means to develop strong leaders within an organisation. The mindset of this more personal human resource approach seeks not only to hire and retain the most qualified and valuable employees but also to put a strong emphasis on their development and to harness their inert potential.
Author M. SebolaSource: Journal of Public Administration 46, pp 1055 –1072 (2011)More Less
The purpose of this article is to look at both the social and the economic impact made by the Zimbabweans living in the Polokwane Municipality of the Limpopo Province. Migration has recently been a critical debate in a national, regional and international context, hence requiring international intervention for the protection of refugees and an intervention binding all countries. The locals and the immigrants have negative attitudes towards each other and conflicts occur between them at various levels. Competition for scarce resources features highly in such conflict agendas. Many argue that illegal immigrants are economic burdens to countries and are responsible for their failure to address their country's domestic problems.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 46, pp 1073 –1085 (2011)More Less
The 2009-10 public service delivery protests emanating from local community members in South Africa (Burger, 2009), have raised questions with regard to the effective functioning of Community Development Workers (CDW). The CDW Programme has been introduced and collectively overseen by the Department of Public Service and Administration and the Department of Provincial Local Government with the objective of accelerating service delivery. This article aims to critically define and review the role of CDWs in accelerating service delivery within local government. This will be achieved by identifying the challenges and benefits of deploying CDW in local government. Lastly, the article will identify the reporting lines of community development workers.
The impact of globalisation on human resource management policies and procedures in the South African public serviceAuthor P. VeeranSource: Journal of Public Administration 46, pp 1086 –1099 (2011)More Less
Globalisation exercises a significant impact on public human resource management policies and procedures in the South African public ser-vice. The driving forces of globalisation have affected public human resource management to a large extent, for example, the impact of technology demands different skills and competencies from public officials on all levels. This article examines the impact of globalisation on public human resource management policies and procedures in the South African public service. The focus is on selected national government departments in South Africa. The main problem emphasised in this paper is that the current training and development mechanisms in the South African public service do not take due cognisance of the significance of the influence of globalisation on local public human resource management, including training to equip public officials to interact internationally effectively and efficiently. There is a need for achieving, maintaining and enhancing public service delivery systems as well as implementing cutting-edge human resource management theories and practices for globally competitive human resource management. This article provides a set of recommendations on how to overcome the challenges of globalisation and the impacts thereof on public service delivery from a public human resource management perspective.
An exploration of public sector supply chains with specific reference to the South African situationSource: Journal of Public Administration 46, pp 1100 –1115 (2011)More Less
The concept of supply chain is predominant in literature. It offers solutions to keeping costs to a minimum and at an acceptable level of services. Supply chain management represents a significant change in the way that organisations view themselves and has witnessed values created through the integration and coordination of supply, demand and relationships in order to satisfy customers in an effective and profitable manner both in the private and public sectors. Despite the importance of supply chain management and its role in creating and sustaining competitive advantage in the private sector, it has not been used to its fullest potential as a tool for enhancing public procurement. The main objective of this paper is to explore the perspectives and practices of supply chain management in the public sector. The theoretical paper is supplemented by a case study of the South African public sector supply chain. The paper identifies the critical components, features and benefits of public sector supply chains. It concludes by examining the differences between public versus private sector supply chains. The paper contributes to literature on the application of public sector supply chains.