Journal of Public Administration - Volume 47, Issue 4, 2012
Volumes & issues
Volume 47, Issue 4, 2012
Source: Journal of Public Administration 47, pp 706 –711 (2012)More Less
As we were finalising this December 2012 edition of the Journal of Public Administration, tragedy struck the South African Association of Public Administration and Management (SAAPAM). We lost Professor Pholoso Disoloane of the University of South Africa (UNISA), whose untimely departure followed that of Dr Peter Veeran of the Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT). This happened when the fraternity was still mourning the deaths of the Minister of Public Service and Administration (DPSA), Honourable Roy Padayachie, and Professor Petrus Brynard of the University of Pretoria (UP). In the March 2012 edition of the Journal, Solly Pillay paid tribute to Minister Padayachie while Kabelo Moeti did likewise in remembrance of Professor Brynard. This December 2012 edition of the Journal starts with a tribute to Professor Disoloane and Dr Veeran. Their absence in our midst leaves us lonely as we debate the complex questions of the paradox of governance in a changing world. One of the vexing questions of the post-1994 South African state, which they could have continued to be actively engaged with, is how do we take the best of liberal democracy while at the same time ensure that the indigenous system of governance remains intact? Does this not suggest contradictions? This question is asked as some are inclined to argue that the African system of traditional leadership and governance is, in the words of Mahmood Mamdani, "a representative of a particularistic and backward orientation" (1990:372), which is at odds with democracy. The argument is that traditional leadership and a democratic system of government are binary opposites. But is this really true?
Source: Journal of Public Administration 47, pp 712 –714 (2012)More Less
Source: Journal of Public Administration 47, pp 715 –727 (2012)More Less
South Africa's post-apartheid era presents conflicting perceptions on issues of governance with regards to traditional leadership, among other things. This is a point of great concern in contemporary times especially for communities in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, which is steeped in tradition with a very strong Kingdom of the Zulu nation. The authority that was in the hands of the chiefs, amakhosi in the old dispensation, is suddenly questionable. Drawing on the work of Mngadi (2006) and using Kurt Lewin's (in Robbins,1996), three step transformation model, a model that could be adopted to explain how societies behave and evolve as well as react in a transforming political context, the discussion looks at the debate concerning what it means to be a traditional leader in post-apartheid South Africa. It interrogates incompatibility between the roles of traditional leadership and that of councillors in areas formerly the sole domain of traditional leaders. It further illustrates that contemporary South African writers have as much of a significant role, as can be argued for artists throughout the world, of enlightening society on issues affecting nations at any given time. Given that issues of authority need to filter into the youth as future leaders, this article also argues that literary texts have a didactic role in enlightening the youth whose grasp of South Africa's past political history is limited. It strives to encourage stakeholders to include civil society as well as young people in matters of governance especially because the youth lack knowledge of predemocratic issues which are what inform our current history. The article moves from the premise that, in good governance, the role of actors is to ensure that the interests of citizens are prioritised above those of individuals vested with power to deliberate on matters affecting civil society.
Second take on the 'open toilets politics' : the case of Rammulotsi township in Viljoenskroon in the Free StateSource: Journal of Public Administration 47, pp 728 –745 (2012)More Less
After conducting a successful quantitative survey in the Khayelitsha informal settlement in the Western Cape Province (Hanyane, Nkgabe & Lekonyane, 2012) on the topic of open toilets politics, a second survey was undertaken in the Rammulotsi Township in Viljoenskroon in the Free State Province. Both cases presented the problem of poor local government performance in the area of sanitation in varying degrees. A comparison of the results of the two surveys is discussed in another article. This article presents the facts about the open toilets issues in the Rammulotsi Township in Viljoenskroon in the Free State. Given the differences in the socio-economic conditions of the residents of the Rammulotsi township, three sample categories were drawn from the shack dwellers of the Lesotho (Chris Hani) section (ward 20) and the residents of section AK (ward 19) of Rammulotsi township, who were negatively affected by this problem at the time of the study. The results of the survey are presented in this article. A theoretical account in positioning the debate and an empirical analysis are also presented.
Women caught between a rock and a hard place : an empirical investigation of local economic development initiatives in Cato Manor, DurbanAuthor N. ThabetheSource: Journal of Public Administration 47, pp 746 –756 (2012)More Less
This article critically examines the achievements and limitations of the local economic development (LED) programme spearheaded by the Cato Manor Area Based Management Programme of eThekwini Municipality in KwaZulu-Natal. This was a five-year pilot project, which began in 2003 as part of a broader City's Area Based Management and Development Programme. The evidence suggests that the fundamental goal of a location-specific LED, which is to integrate social and economic development, has proven difficult to achieve. While adequate human, institutional and financial capital was deployed, the impact of this intervention remained minimal. Observations indicate that the major constraints are a direct result of technocratic macro-economic policies that are imposed on local government. Inevitably, these promote rushed development that overlooks women entrepreneurs' knowledge and skills. As a contribution to contemporary discourse on LED, this article adopts a critical theory to locate the missing link. Hence, the findings allude to the limitations of a neo-liberal capitalist model in espousing the values enshrined in South Africa's Constitution vis-à-vis participatory development for the betterment of all South Africans. In conclusion, the article advocates for citizen action as a viable option to promote social and economic development for women entrepreneurs in Cato Manor.
Source: Journal of Public Administration 47, pp 757 –773 (2012)More Less
The task of attracting foreign direct investment, which is central to the operation and success of Industrial Development Zones, is highly specialised and requires very specific global competencies. From the marketing practitioner who engages with multi-cultural target groups the world over to the industry sector specialist based in the zone, the leadership team must possess the competencies required to succeed in the global environment. Given the complexities of the global environment, it is essential that Industrial Development Zone leaders are skilled with more than just an adequate understanding and commitment to the task at hand. It is for this reason that many multinational organisations expend vast resources in providing their leaders with appropriate global leadership development. In this article, globalisation and the specific leadership competencies relevant to the Industrial Development Zones in South Africa are explored. The nature of globalisation and global experience are examined and their implications and challenges for leadership in the South African Industrial Development Zones discussed. Some factors affecting leaders in the zones are discussed alongside a non-exhaustive list of critical competencies necessary to operate in the global marketplace.
Disaster risk reduction policy for sustainable development in the Southern African Development Community : a policy perspectiveSource: Journal of Public Administration 47, pp 774 –784 (2012)More Less
Africa is prone to disasters due to various factors including natural disasters and upheavals precipitated by humans. Complementary challenges are a vulnerable population and the low levels of economic wellbeing that predominate in the region. Disasters of every form hinder the development process in a country and it is thus crucial that there be an appropriate disaster risk reduction process to cushion their impact on development.The rationale of the article is to underline the view that countries investing in capacitating institutions with specialised resources will have a significant impact on minimising the intensity of disaster risks and thus enhance sustainable development. It is imperative that governments collaborate at regional, national and local spheres to create awareness on the disaster risk reduction (DRR) process. This article utilises official reports, scholarly articles and conference proceedings to acquire relevant data in order to explore the status of disaster risk in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. Through an analytical and descriptive approach, the article aims to assess the implementation of the Disaster Risk Reduction Policy in SADC countries from a policy perspective. The gaps in the DRR process are identified, and corrective actions for improvement are recommended.