n Journal of Public Administration - Building safer urban human settlements in South Africa : a case of the National Development Plan 2030

Volume 48, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0036-0767



South Africa is faced with a variety of development challenges, one of which relates to crime. In response to the persistent and unacceptable high rates of crime, among other challenges, the National Development Plan (NDP) 2030 was published in August 2012. Regarding safety and security within South Africa's human settlements, the NDP 2030 provides strategies for crime reduction and prevention. However, the NDP 2030 accords negligible attention to the Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) as a crime reduction and prevention strategy, especially for congested built urban environments. Theoretically, there is a significant direct relationship between congested, built urban environments and crime rate. Consequently, the CPTED is increasingly accepted and used as one of the key tools for crime reduction and prevention in most developed and developing countries. This article argues that the CPTED has the ability to create safe human settlements by using built environment as an instrument of crime governance, specifically at local level. Built environment is significant in influencing perceptions of safety as well as reducing the costs of providing security through police and private security services, which the NDP 2030 promotes. Theoretically, the article demonstrates that the CPTED can be used as an effective strategy in reducing and preventing crime in South Africa if it were to be incorporated into the NDP 2030 strategies. The article asserts that environmental planning and design techniques can be effectively and efficiently applied in governance of crime reduction and prevention within congested, built-up urban localities.

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