n Journal of Public Administration - Convergence of hope and trust in a developmental democratic state and the normalisation of political clientelism in South Africa




This paper draws from secondary data and grounded theory to explore the historical evolution of political clientelism in South Africa from the colonial era to post-1994 governance systems in order to develop a pertinent theoretical argument and make policy recommendations for developmental democracy. The relationship between armed struggle, as the culture of hope, and entrusting revolutionary leaders with political responsibilities in postliberal states, is evident in most sub-Saharan African countries. The use of armed struggle in most African countries pursuant to political liberation from colonial powers created hope in the lives of affected indigenous communities. But liberation "wars" were protracted in countries such as Namibia and South Africa, while countries such as Mozambique and Zimbabwe were characterised by early successes that consolidated the trust of oppressed indigenous people in revolutionary movements. Given the ongoing debates about the impact of armed struggle in the liberation of South Africa, this paper examines clientelism within the context of the evolving political landscape, changing governance structures and social relations among African communities.


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