n Journal of Public Administration - Local government and green jobs creation : exploring opportunities in selected metropolitan municipalities in South Africa




In response to the challenges posed by climate change, the South African government has developed strategic frameworks in order to guide national, provincial and local government interventions. Some of the key strategies include the National Strategy for Sustainable Development and Action Plan (NSSD), the National Development Plan (NDP), the National New Growth Path (NGP) and the Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP), and the Green Economy Accord. Metropolitan municipalities are the focus of the study because of their central role, both as contributors to the climate change problem as well as their potential as solutions to the challenge. Because most of the nation's industrial activities are also located in these metros, they are largely responsible for the high carbon emissions that contribute to climate change. At the same time, their legislative status in terms of their being one of the three spheres of government empowers them to adopt policies and strategies towards mitigation of and adaptation to climate change. The paper explores how four metro municipalities have responded to the government's green economy agenda. It also attempts to identify opportunities for green job creation. Based on a desk study, the paper finds that although most of the selected metros have already developed visions and strategic plans that integrate the green economy agenda into their integrated development and spatial planning processes, and although they have scored some significant successes on aspects of those plans, implementation of their green strategies largely remains limited. However, the green activities that they have embarked on indicate that there are prospects for the creation of green jobs. The paper also recommends institutional, technical and financial support to metros in order to improve on the implementation of their green strategies. They also need to improve reporting on progress on green jobs creation.


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