n African Human Rights Law Journal - The African Peer Review Mechanism as an integral part of the New Partnership for Africa's Development : recent developments

Volume 4, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1609-073X
  • E-ISSN: 1996-2096



In September 1999, the Heads of State and Government of member countries of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) decided to transform the OAU into a new African Union (AU), in which a strong emphasis was to be placed on an African development programme. The Constitutive Act of the new AU, to replace the OAU as a political body for all the countries of the African continent, was accepted in July 2000 at a meeting of the Heads of State and Government held in Lomé, Togo. The Constitutive Act also incorporated the Treaty of the existing African Economic Community (AEC). A transition period of one year was provided for to enable the existing organisations to give effect to the transformation, and to enable member states, where necessary, to provide in national legislation for the acceptance of the new structure.

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