n Annual Survey of South African Law - Public international law

Volume 2013, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0376-4605



Some seventy treaties and memoranda of understanding ('MOUs') were concluded during the year under review. What stands out is the large number of MOUs. In only one case (Russian Federation) is it explicitly stated that the MOU does not have the status of an international treaty, and that it creates no rights and obligations for the parties. A selection is once again necessary (as in the case of treaties) and only in those instances where the MOU deals with a matter of some importance from a national or regional point of view, has it been included.

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