n Acta Juridica - Crime control developments in post-modern societies and in societies in transition : looking for possible common features between seemingly unrelated discourses and practices, also with regard to the implementation of Restorative Justice : Part 1 - international trends in restorative justice




The reflections presented in this contribution pertain primarily to Europe, and in particular to Germany. They are based on personal experience in the field of crime control and criminal justice (policy), apart from some 40 years in academia as a researcher and teacher.

There are some commonalities to the various ways and means of crime prevention, crime control and administering (criminal) justice in societies, which have to a greater or lesser extent been described and discussed in texts or books on, for example : legal anthropology; systems of informal versus formal social control; policing cultures or styles; procedural rules in general or evidence-gathering in particular in adversarial versus inquisitorial penal procedure models; common law versus civil law systems; and systems of sanctions broadly defined compared to structures of formal penalties and so-called penal measures narrowly defined.


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