n South African Journal of Criminal Justice - A comparison of South African and Canadian anti-terrorism legislation
|Article Title||A comparison of South African and Canadian anti-terrorism legislation|
|© Publisher:||Juta Law Publishing|
|Journal||South African Journal of Criminal Justice|
|Publication Date||Jan 2005|
|Pages||127 - 150|
South Africa's Protection of Constitutional Democracy against Terrorist and Related Activities Act 33 of 2004 is compared with Canada's Anti-Terrorism Act, 2001. The processes that led to the enactment of the two laws and the packaging and preambles of both laws are examined. The definitions of terrorist activities in both laws are compared, as are the fault elements in various offences related to terrorism. South Africa's extensive use of negligence or <I>culpa</I> liability is contrasted with Canada's use of subjective fault and various constitutional arguments concerning the necessity for subjective fault for terrorism are examined. South Africa's duty to report offence is compared with the comparable Canadian offence, and investigative hearings and powers in terrorism cases in both countries are examined with an emphasis on prior judicial authorization and a presumption of publicity. The process for the listing of terrorist groups in both countries is also compared. Conclusions are drawn that, while more limited in scope than the Canadian law, South Africa's new anti-terrorism law has a broader defi nition of terrorism, lower fault levels, a broader duty to report offence and less restrained investigative powers.
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