n South African Journal of Criminal Justice - Law of evidence : recent cases

Volume 25, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1011-8527
  • E-ISSN: 1996-2118



In general a party who calls a witness does so in the belief that the witness will provide the court with evidence similar to the account provided earlier in a pre-trial statement. Normally, when counsel calls a witness on direct examination, the party calling the witness is not to attack the credibility of or cross-examine the witness called. Such a party cannot ask questions about or introduce evidence of a prior inconsistent statement, bias or bad character. Also, the calling party cannot ask leading questions to the witness in order to get the witness to say what is desired.

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