n South African Journal of Criminal Justice - Criminal procedure : recent cases

Volume 26, Issue 1
  • ISSN :



The founding provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 make clear that human dignity and freedom are fundamental values (s 1(a)). These values are protected in s 12(1)(a) which proscribes deprivation of freedom which is arbitrary or without just cause; in s 12(1)(e) which proscribes being treated in a cruel, inhuman or degrading manner; and in s 35(1) which delineates the rights of arrested persons.

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