n South African Journal on Human Rights - Striving for substantive gender equality in family law : selected issues
|Article Title||Striving for substantive gender equality in family law : selected issues|
|© Publisher:||Juta Law Publishing|
|Journal||South African Journal on Human Rights|
|Publication Date||Jan 2005|
|Pages||547 - 574|
ISI Social Science
This article evaluates the rules regarding the division of matrimonial property upon divorce from a gender-equality perspective and proposes a number of reforms. It is shown that the rigid enforcement of antenuptial contracts sometimes results in substantive gender inequality. What is required is judicial realism and an awareness of the dangers accompanying the assumption that the ordinary rules of the law of contract can be applied in the usual way to contracts between future spouses and that any resulting gender inequality can be justified by relying on the autonomy of the parties to the contract. The article further shows that forfeiture of patrimonial benefits and the limited judicial discretion to redistribute property upon divorce fall short of the object of attaining substantive gender equality. The suggested solution is the introduction of a broad judicial discretion to redistribute property upon divorce, which should be available in all civil marriages. Further, spouses are often in an unequal bargaining position when they negotiate divorce settlement agreements and the weaker spouse is often prejudiced. The suggested solution is that the court be compelled to investigate settlement agreements much more carefully and to take the circumstances in which each agreement was concluded into account. Finally, it is argued that the property which can be divided upon divorce is defined too narrowly. The narrow definition usually prejudices the spouse who is not the main breadwinner, once again resulting in substantive gender inequality. It is proposed that a broad, non- exhaustive definition of `property' is inserted in the Matrimonial Property Act 88 of 1984 and the Divorce Act 70 of 1979.
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