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n Tydskrif vir die Suid-Afrikaanse Reg - Ewigdurende oorsaak. Die - vereiste by erfdiensbaarhede : uitoefening van 'n saaklike serwituut afhanklik van 'n positiewe dadigheid deur die eienaar of gebruiker van die dienende erf

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Abstract

Ten minste drie aspekte van die beweerde -vereiste vir erfdiensbaarhede kan onderskei word:

  1. die moontlikheid tot uitoefening van 'n erfdiensbaarheid mag nie afhanklik wees van die positiewe dadigheid van die eienaar of gebruiker van die dienende erf nie;
  2. die dienende erf moet blywend geskik wees vir uitoefening van die erfdiensbaarheid en die agtereenvolgende eienaars of gebruikers van die heersende erf moet as sodanig 'n permanente behoefte hê aan uitoefening van die erfdiensbaarheid ; en
  3. 'n erfdiensbaarheid mag nie onderhewig aan 'n ontbindende voorwaarde of ontbindende termynbepaling gevestig word nie


At least three aspects of the requirement for real servitudes may be distinguished: (1) the possibility of exercising a real servitude may not be dependent on a positive act of the owner or user of the servient tenement; (2) the servient tenement must be suitable on a permanent basis for the purpose of the exercise of the servitude and the subsequent owners of the dominant tenement must as such have a permanent need for exercising the servitude; and (3) a real servitude may not be established subject to a resolutive condition or dies. The first of these aspects is discussed in the current article. The second and third aspects will be discussed in a later article in this journal. D 8 2 28 is the only Roman law text that requires a or eternal cause for the establishment of a real servitude. The various interpretations of this obscure and probably interpolated text are discussed in some detail. Some authors infer from the text that the possibility of the exercise of a real servitude may not be dependent on a positive act by the owner or user of the servient tenement. Roman law, Roman-Dutch law, modern Dutch law and South African law are canvassed in this regard but almost no authority for such a rule could be found. The conclusion is therefore that it does not form part of South African law today. Of course, a servitude may never have a positive act by the owner or user of the servient tenement as object of the right (ie it can never oblige the owner or user of the servient tenement to perform certain positive acts) but the fact that a non-compulsory positive act by the owner or user of the servient tenement is a condition for the possibility of exercising a servitude, does not form an obstacle to the establishment of such a real right.

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/content/ju_tsar/2009/4/EJC55280
2009-01-01
2016-12-05
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