1887

n Tydskrif vir die Suid-Afrikaanse Reg - Dike, Hydra, Zeno in het insolventierecht

USD

 

Abstract

Het is een goede gewoonte in academia om na de aanvaarding van het ambt van gewoon hoogleraar in een wetenschapsgebied een rede te houden die ingaat op wat er in dat gebied te gebeuren staat, en goede gewoonten moeten worden geëerbiedigd. Bewust gebruik ik de meerzinnige uitdrukking "wat er te gebeuren staat": het gaat zowel om wat er feitelijk aan het gebeuren is, als om de kritische opdracht ten aanzien daarvan. Aangezien ik het genoegen heb om aan deze universiteit onderwijs te mogen geven in het handels- en insolventierecht enerzijds en anderzijds in de rechtsfilosofie, wil ik beide disciplines enigszins combineren. Tegelijk verstout ik het mij om een thema aan te snijden dat die mijns inziens het geheel van onze activiteiten als rechtsfaculteit - onderwijs, onderzoek en dienstverlening - aanbelangt.


In his inaugural address the author reflects upon the evolution and contemporary state of Belgian insolvency law as an example of evolutions in law in general. Similar developments can be found in other Western countries.
After a brief discussion of the classical relationship between principles of justice (retributive and distributive) and insolvency law - in its aspects of private law and public law - there is an analysis of that general evolution. The author distinguishes four stages in the evolution of Western law in the past three centuries: 1 law as an objective order of values representing justice; 2 a classical modern model of law, clearly separating the domain of commerce, that of public service and the purely private spaces; 3 the 20th century welfare state, involving a huge expansion of public law; and 4 the stage of therapeutic law, using law as an instrument of normalization and of management of social risks and emotions. The precise attribution of subjective rights and duties and the administration of justice are increasingly replaced by processes conducted by various "actors", "experts" and "stakeholders".
The general overview is followed by an enquiry into how far the same evolution can be seen in the field of insolvency law, with an analysis of developments concerning consumer insolvency ("collective debt regulation"), procedures of observation and information gathering by public authorities, further differentiation between different categories of insolvent debtors, judicial and extrajudicial reorganization of business, and the increasing involvement of various professional actors and NGOs.
In the course of the analysis, a number of Belgian judicial decisions are criticized because of their outcome. The last part of the contribution examines whether the reasoning in these cases is also flawed and which techniques of interpretation of the law have been used. The author concludes with some general recommendations on the role of judges, legislators and law professors.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/ju_tsar/2013/3/EJC138768
2013-01-01
2016-12-08
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error