oa Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science - The development and application of strategic adaptive management within South African National Parks : editorial

Volume 53, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0075-6458
  • E-ISSN: 2071-0771



Adaptive management is an appealing approach to deal with inherent uncertainty in complex and interactive social-ecological systems (Holling 2001; Rogers 2003). In short, adaptive management is about learning-by-doing in a scientific way, adapting behaviour and overall direction as new information becomes available. It provides a structured way for improving our incomplete understanding through an iterative process of setting objectives, implementing policy decisions and evaluating the implications of their outcomes for future decision making.

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