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- Volume 66, Issue 1_2, 2001
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap - Volume 66, Issue 1_2, 2001
Volume 66, Issue 1_2, 2001
Author A. Le R. Du PlooySource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp IX –X (2001)More Less
The PU for CHE, and especially the Faculty of Theology, were honoured to host the sixth South African congress on Calvin and Calvinistic research. The congress took place in Potchefstroom on 24 and 25 August 2000 and had as its theme: "Calvin as minister of the Word".
The first outline of Calvin's theology - the preface to the New Testament in the Olivétan Bible of 1535 : research articleAuthor W.H. NeuserSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 1 –39 (2001)More Less
The first outline of Calvin's theology - the preface to the New Testament in the Olivétan Bible of 1535
The prefaces which Calvin wrote for the Bible translation of Olivétan (1535) conform to the general custom during the Reformation to translate the Bible into the vernacular and to publish these translations simultaneously with interpretation aids. In the preface published in the Olivétan Bible and preceding the New Testament translation, Calvin wants to indicate to the reader (in this case the heathen) the correct way to approach the Bible.
Although no captions or headings are included, the preface is structured very precisely, thus also presenting Calvin's systematic kind of exposition.
In order to show the heathen the way to salvation, Calvin indicates a way via prehistory (Gen. 1-11; Rom. 1-2; Acts 14 and 17), the Ten Commandments (Decalogue) to the New Testament witness about Christ. The focus and goal of this path are the fulfilment of the law. Clearly the most noticeable result of the analysis of this preface is the "system of corresponding doctrines" found between creation and salvation. This specific approach of Calvin is a key to understanding his later theology.
In the second part of the preface Calvin explains the main Biblical concepts of "Testament", "Evangelium" and "Messiah". Regarding this his view corresponds to Luther's writing, "De captivitate Babylonica ..." (1520), and is perhaps dependent on it.
The third part of the preface contains admonitions to Christians who are persecuted to assure them of their salvation. Admonitions to kings, princes, rulers, bishops and pastors are also included.
Author Eric KayayanSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 40 –52 (2001)More Less
Exhortation in Calvin's sermon on 2 Timothy 3:16-17
This article deals with the aspect of exhortation in one of John Calvin's sermons on the second letter of Paul to Timothy (2 Tim. 3:16-17). It is argued that the focus on exhortation in this sermon mainly serves three purposes: illustrating the specific "doctrina" on exhortation set forth in this Paulinian passage; defining more definitely the task of the pastor on the pulpit; dealing with the congregation like a doctor applying medicine to a sick body. Rhetorical devices (like equestrian or medical metaphors, or the use of the style of vehemence in the form of a diatribe set forth as a minidrama) are used to implement the purpose of the preacher in his parenetical application. In applying this, the lectio continua which was characteristic of Calvin's homiletical style, gains much relief and escapes the danger of a cold and neutral exposition of the Biblical text - the very danger against which Calvin warns in this sermon.
Author James B. KrohnSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 54 –71 (2001)More Less
The Triune God who speaks : Calvin's theological hermeneutics
The purpose of this article is to make a contribution to the theme of "Calvin as servant of the Word" by exploring some hermeneutical implications of Calvin's theological commitment to the doctrine of God as Triune. In doing so, it seeks to follow a hermeneutical principle Calvin himself held, that Biblical interpretation had to pass through three distinct but related phases; exegesis (represented by his commentaries), dogmatics (represented by the Institutes), and preaching (represented by his sermons). For Calvin, if any of these phases were omitted, the text would not be interpreted properly, and the message of Scripture would not rightly be applied to the life of the church. The place and importance of the doctrine of the Trinity in Calvin's theology (often neglected in Calvin scholarship) are first explored, followed by displaying the importance Calvin attached to the integration of doctrine into the hermeneutical process (often disregarded by modern-day exegetes), and finally, all three phases of the interpretational process are brought to bear on Calvin's sermonic treatment of John 1:1-5. Through expository preaching of the Scriptures, hermeneutics finds its completion, and believers will have a personal encounter with God. As such, Calvin will be shown to be a most excellent servant of the Word.
The ministry of the Word - the concept of doctrina as used by Calvin in his first Institutes (1536) : research articleAuthor Victor E. d'AssonvilleSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 72 –88 (2001)More Less
The ministry of the Word - the concept of doctrina as used by Calvin in his first Institutes (1536)
Among other important theological concepts (e.g. religio or iustificatio, etc.) the concept of doctrina and its usage concern the heart of Reformational theology - especially in the theology of John Calvin. In spite of some important investigations that have already been undertaken in this regard, there is still a deficiency in respect of a comprehensive theological investigation of this theme. The fact that some well-known contemporary scholars nevertheless do not pay attention to the respective and different cardinal usages of doctrina by Calvin, underlines the need for further research. It is of considerable importance to analyse the way Calvin used the concept of doctrina, not only in a dogmatic and dogmen-historical sense but also with regard to homiletics, catechetics and pastoral care.
In this article the focus is on the 1536 edition of the Institutes of Calvin. Using an adequate method to analyse Calvin's usage, the results of such an analysis are presented in order to emphasise the importance of a careful dealing with concepts in general and in dealing with Calvin's usage of doctrina in particular.
This investigation shows that Calvin used doctrina in such an active and dynamic way that one often has to translate it with a verb, a verbalised noun or even with a verbal phrase. It is of utmost importance to distinguish between Calvin's lexical usage and his discourse-analytical usage of the concept. Calvin's bond to Scripture and his stressing of doctrina as proclamation accentuate his "Word-of-God-theology".
Author Pieter PotgieterSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 89 –102 (2001)More Less
John Calvin - Verbi Divini Minister
Ministering the Word of God was a first priority for John Calvin. Through researching his frequent references to the ministry in his sermons and Bible commentaries, it was possible to arrive at a better understanding of his views on the office of pastor and teacher (pastor et doctor). Although the ministry is no imperium, the people of God should honour the servants of Christ on the ground of the dignity of their Master. The ministry is a servitude, but not without authority, so that by it the glory of God may excel among his people and in the world. This is also the ultimate goal of the minister's preaching, and to this end it should be clear and to the point. This article particularly pursues Calvin's views on the requirements for a sound proclamation of the Gospel. It is argued that Calvin's particular consideration of the broader context of a biblical passage in his exegesis points to the fact that he had already established the sound hermeneutic rule of ascertaining the intention of the author and the understanding of the first readers to get to the true meaning. Thus, in his preaching the application of Biblical truths was topical and to the point.
Author D.F. Du PlessisSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 103 –116 (2001)More Less
Calvin in word and deed : a communicological appreciation
John Calvin's views on the role of the preacher, as well as the manner in which he applied these views in practice, are examined by using a simplified linear model of communication. Firstly, Calvin's view on the role of the preacher is examined - as expressed in the Institutes, his letters and commentaries. From a communication perspective, it is clear that, from what Calvin said, he thoroughly saw himself as a servant, relying on the Word of God - a servant who had to execute his assignment in obedience to what God (communicator in the model) expected from him as an instrument in His hands. Secondly, in addition to Calvin's views on his role as a preacher, it was also established how he acted in some demanding situations. The consistency of his thinking was illustrated by comparing what he did to what he said. The examination revealed that Calvin's action was to bring the Word. Calvin's actions were therefore consistent with the views articulated in his writings. Thirdly, from his letters to persecuted followers, we can deduce Calvin's views on the practical application of the ideas which he stated in the Institutes and other publications. The article concludes that, if measured against the simplified linear communication model, it can be assumed that Calvin saw himself as a communication medium or channel used by God to convey His message and not as a communicator following his own agenda.
Author P. CoertzenSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 117 –132 (2001)More Less
John Calvin and the Reformed tradition on the jurisdiction of the church
John Calvin's view on the power of jurisdiction in the church, as he writes about it in the Institutes, is expounded in this article. Firstly, attention is given to the spiritual authority of the church, followed by an exposition of the power of the church to exercise jurisdiction. Lastly the current situation in Reformed circles on the jurisdiction of the church is discussed.
Author Bouke SpoelstraSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 133 –147 (2001)More Less
Calvin's concept of and the Formulary of the GKSA on the Lord's Supper
Dutch humanists provided Zwingli with a symbolic concept of the Lord's Supper by which the bread and wine symbolise the body and blood of Christ on Calvary. These symbolic concepts of body and blood should be commemorated (in memoriam) and believed to receive atonement from sin. The Formulary and formula for administering the sacrament in the GKSA were inherited from the Netherlands and contain phrases originally used by Calvin. It is widely claimed and assumed that the contents of the Formulary corresponds with concepts derived from Calvin. Calvin's commentaries on relevant passages and concepts expressed in his Institutes and Tracts differ radically and entirely from the trend and content of the Formulary and formula of administration used in the GKSA. Calvin does not isolate the death of Christ from resurrection. He does not dwell upon communion with something Christ did for us in the past. He accepts the sacrifice (blood) to ratify a covenant (new testament) by which the household of God is established. The bread and cup signify Christ, and are regarded as God's spiritual nourishment for his household. The living Christ in heaven is present in the Holy Spirit at the Lord's health-giving table. The symbols of bread and cup remain what they are but through faith change to represent Christ. Calvin's concept of communion and unity is irreconcilable with the concept of a sacramental meal of commemoration (Zwingli). The concept of communion corresponds with early Christian and even Roman and Lutheran traditions. Faith in atonement belongs to commencement of salvation (viz. baptism and the Formulary of the GKSA on the Lord's Supper). Being nourished with Christ through faith belongs to the consummation of salvation (viz. communion).
Author J.L. Van der WaltSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 149 –151 (2001)More Less
This book appears at an interesting point in South Africa's educational history. Curriculum 2005 is currently being implemented in schools. All those involved in its implementation are, however, waiting for the refinements to be proposed by the chairperson of the Review Committee, who has recently been appointed to a senior position in the national Department of Education. While she and those who assist her, are considering the finer details of a plan to make Curriculum 2005 more understandable, streamlined and easier to apply in actual practice, other role players in the field, such as teacher unions and publishers, are preparing materials and training teachers to cope with the demands of Curriculum 2005 as it stands.