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- Volume 66, Issue 4, 2001
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap - Volume 66, Issue 4, 2001
Volume 66, Issue 4, 2001
Heraclitean logos and flux in T.S. Eliot's Four Quartets : "cosmic consciousness" and "the still point of the turning world" : research articleAuthor Andries WesselsSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 571 –584 (2001)More Less
T.S. Eliot prefaces "Burnt Norton", the first of his Four Quartets, with two quotations from the Greek philosopher, Heraclitus. By means of these epigrams, Eliot points us to the Heraclitean opposition and paradoxical interdependence between logos and flux as a paradigm in the poem, a paradigm that he uses for an investigation and articulation of a number of philosophical contemplations. In this paper, I discuss Eliot's different configurations of the logos/flux paradigm in the poem, firstly to illuminate the relationship between temporality and eternity, secondly, to elaborate the relationship between God and humanity, and thirdly to express the relationship between structured art and chaotic experience. In each instance it is not only the opposition between the two elements that is important, but also the point of contact, the intersection. There is some evidence that Eliot's depiction of this intersection as, for example, the "moment in and out of time", is based on personal experience of a transcendent, mystical nature. His expression of this experience is also investigated by comparing it to similar experiences described by others, notably by a Canadian psychiatrist, Richard Maurice Bucke. A comparison of Bucke's description in his evolutionist text of 1901 and Eliot's poetic rendering reveals not only surprising similarities but also essential differences which highlights Eliot's purely Christian interpretation in the face of Bucke's more universalist approach. For T.S. Eliot, eternity or timelessness can only be accessed through the temporal experience of human consciousness, in fleeting moments of exaltation in daily life, in the charged, timeless configurations of art as an imitation of divine creation, and finally in Christ, who embodies the love of God and is for Eliot the ultimate transection of the temporal and eternal, the flux and the logos.
Author J.L. Van der WaltSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 585 –601 (2001)More Less
School effectiveness research has been blossoming for the last three decades: people do things on purpose, and wish to establish from time to time whether they have reached their objectives. The history of school effectiveness research, however, reveals that it has often been hampered by shortcomings, such as striving to understand effectiveness in terms of inadequate criteria, and approaching education narrowly in the sense of teaching or instruction, in the process overlooking the complexities of the human being and of education. Such shortcomings can, however, be eradicated by taking into consideration some of the philosophical foundations of school effectiveness. Doing so leads, inter alia, to the methodological insight that school effectiveness should be assessed by means of a research strategy commensurate with the complexity of the problem.
Work-family spillover revisited : is there hope for marital happiness in the dual-earner family? : research articleAuthor Ria SmitSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 603 –620 (2001)More Less
In the past few decades social scientists have increasingly become aware of the dynamic qualities of gender and marital roles in the family. The changes taking place in terms of both the role contents and role behaviour of especially dual-earner couples have been identified as aspects affecting family life to a large extent. The increasing interface between the work and family spheres, based on the so-called work-family spillover model, has led to the conventional thesis that the non-traditional role behaviour of dualearner spouses and marital dissolution are causally related. The strenuous lifestyle associated with the dual-earner family may therefore have a detrimental effect on marital and familial relationships.
This article gives, in the first place, an overview of the dilemmas the dual-earner family may be confronted with. In the second place, possible intervening or mediating variables that may come into play in the process of facilitating a work-family fit in the dual-earner family are discussed. Recent research suggests that these intervening variables may not only help dualearner families to cope successfully with strenuous dilemmas, but may even contribute to the experience of higher levels of marital integration and happiness.
Author Pieter CoetzeeSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 621 –637 (2001)More Less
Marx's polemic against exploitation focuses centrally on the idea that capitalism not only betrays the inviolability of the human individual, but also prevents the realization of man's true nature as "species-being" and the realization of the kind of community appropriate to this nature, thus preventing the freeing of human potential from the structural force of capital. I examine this polemic with reference to the views of African philosophers (Hountondji and others) on Africa's exposure to neo-colonial exploitation, extracting from it a view of morality as a plea for a "humanly human life". I advance some considerations for acceptance of this plea as a basis for dealing with European domination.
Author Irma J. KroezeSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 639 –653 (2001)More Less
This essay looks at the christian theory of science from a very specific context. The essay is divided into two parts. In the first part two different (christian) theories of science, those of Dooyeweerd and Stoker, will be discussed. In the second part, these theories will be analysed against the background of recent developments in the theories of science and knowledge in the field of law and legal theory.
The conclusion from the first part is that christian scholarship (and, conversely, a christian university) has nothing to do with the morality of either students or lecturers. It should also be clear that one cannot speak of "the" christian paradigm of science, but that there are various theories and paradigms.
In the second part various problems with these two theories are discussed. These include the objectivist stance of both Dooyeweerd and Stoker, Dooyeweerd's archimedean point of departure and Stoker's use of socalled scriptural truths. These problems are highlighted by recent The conclusion from the first part is that christian scholarship must take cognisance. (and, conversely, a christian university) has nothing to do with the morality ofeither students or lecturers. It should also be clear that one cannot speak of "the" christian paradigm of science, but that there are various theories and paradigms. The conclusion is that, in the first place, there is more than one way in which the concept "christian scholarship" can be understood and, in the second place, that the label "christian" does not necessarily make such theories acceptable. At the very least, two theories dealt with in the article are in serious need of updating.
Source: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 655 –672 (2001)More Less
In this article the right to education is discussed against the background of the development of children's rights since 1924. Special attention is given to the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child, consisting of internationally acceptable principles and minimum standards for education and the general welfare of children.
In this article "basic education" is first defined, followed by a clarification of the international principle of "free education". Although free education is not guaranteed by the South African Constitution, everyone has the constitutional right (as well as the obligation) to receive basic education.
Another prominent aspect of the article is a discussion of the provision of basic education in the learner's mother tongue, as well as the extent of limitations to the freedom of choice of the language of instruction. This right of all people in the diverse South African society is weighed up against other constitutional principles such as reasonableness, practicability and affirmative action. What must be kept in mind as well, is that the understanding of the Bill of Rights is still in a developmental phase and subject to much interpretation, especially by the Constitutional Court.
Publikasiegereed? Oor die aanbiedingswyse, keuringsprosedure en teksversorging van navorsingsartikels : praktykAuthor Mariana VenterSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 673 –689 (2001)More Less
This article is an attempt to present authors planning to write a scholarly article with practical guidelines before submitting the article to a specific journal. The following aspects are also focused on: typical points of criticism usually raised in referees' reports, and the necessity for clarity of expression and lucid scholarly style. Specific examples of how to enhance the technical and language finish of an article are also included. This article is the outcome of many years of practical work within the Bureau for Scholarly Journals; hence the publication of it in Koers, one of the journals processed by the Bureau.
Author B.J. Van der WaltSource: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 691 –705 (2001)More Less
Source: Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap 66, pp 707 –709 (2001)More Less