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- Volume 32, Issue 1, 2008
South African Journal of Labour Relations - Volume 32, Issue 1, 2008
Volume 32, Issue 1, 2008
Author Abdulkader Cassim MahomedySource: South African Journal of Labour Relations 32, pp 7 –25 (2008)More Less
In the debate between "free traders" and those who plead for protectionist policies one of the areas of contention is the impact that free trade has on the labour market of an economy. South Africa is no exception in this regard. One area of concern among policymakers is whether the country's recent trade liberalisation has contributed to its weak employment performance over the last few years. Traditionally, trade economists have attempted to analyse this relationship by utilising factor endowments models that operate directly through product prices. More recently, researchers have identified yet another pathway through which the impact of trade openness could be transmitted to the labour market: the impact of trade on labour demand elasticities via a substitution effect through increased factor substitutability and / or via a scale effect brought about by an increase in product market elasticities. This article explores the theoretical underpinnings for this linkage and highlights its implications for workers, and then reviews studies undertaken in several countries to test empirically for this relationship. Finally, the article concludes with specific implications and recommendations for South African policy makers.
Impact of globalisation on the labour movement : perceptions of trade unionists and subject matter experts from the metal industry in KwaZulu-NatalSource: South African Journal of Labour Relations 32, pp 26 –46 (2008)More Less
The rules, agreements and interactions guiding relations in the workplace have been under pressure to contribute to the survival and success of organisations in the face of ever-increasing competition resulting from globalisation. This has prompted changes in many aspects of production, including those related to the employment relationship. The present exploratory study aimed to explore one aspect of the employment relationship within this context, namely the perceived impact of globalisation on the labour movement. Fifteen trade union officials and three subject matter experts in the metal industry in KwaZulu-Natal were interviewed to ascertain their experiences and perceptions in this regard.
As expected, the findings indicate that the participants view globalisation as a major challenge because of what they perceive to be the numerous adverse effects it causes. However, respondents also reported a few positive consequences of globalisation. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the literature.
The relationship between learning potential, English language proficiency and work-related training test resultsSource: South African Journal of Labour Relations 32, pp 47 –62 (2008)More Less
The first objective of the study was to determine whether there is a relationship between a test of learning potential, the Learning Potential Computerised Adaptive Test (LPCAT), and language proficiency as measured by the Proficiency Test English Second Language. The second objective was to establish whether learning potential and English language proficiency were predictors of the number of job-related training tests that respondents passed after job-related training. The sample consisted of 52 production employees at a polymers company. Strong relationships between learning potential and English language proficiency were confirmed by means of correlations representing medium to large effect sizes. No support was found for the hypotheses relating to the predictive validity of the LPCAT and the Proficiency Test English Second Language when the criteria were training results as defined in the present study.
Source: South African Journal of Labour Relations 32, pp 63 –80 (2008)More Less
The aim of this research was to qualitatively explore the learning experiences of senior managers during a six-month executive coaching intervention at an information technology company in South Africa. The Integrated Experiential Executive Coaching Model was designed on the basis of Wilbur's developmental and Kolb's experiential learning models. The empirical study consisted of a transcendental phenomenological analysis of the reflective essays of 13 managers who were participating in the executive coaching intervention. Eight themes manifested, namely, a difficult beginning, building trust, a growing awareness of the self, the self in relation to others, entering the transpersonal realm, learning how we learn, from dependency to autonomy and transference of learning to the workplace. It was hypothesised that this coaching model facilitated the transformational dimension of experiential learning in individuals through the experience of being empowered to work towards cognitive insight, the experience of emotional meaningfulness and the challenge of taking responsibility for their own growth and career development.
The role of codes of conduct in promoting ethical conduct in the South African public service : forumAuthor Mutuwafhethu John MafunisaSource: South African Journal of Labour Relations 32, pp 81 –92 (2008)More Less
Codes of conduct are essential to ensure that public employees fulfil their obligations in an ethical manner and that societal values are protected against unethical conduct. The South African public service is characterised by manifestations and allegations of unethical conduct. This article deals with the role of codes of conduct in enhancing ethical conduct in the South African public service. The article begins by identifying the role of moral development theory in promoting ethical conduct in society, and specifically in the public service. Two types of codes of conduct are, namely phantom codes of ethics and (formal) codes of conduct. Attention is also paid to the objectives, characteristics, advantages and limitations of codes of conduct. Finally, the article deals with how the South African public service can make codes of conduct living documents. It argues that rule-based codes of conduct do little to promote cultures of excellence. To foster an ethos of professionalism, therefore, public service departments should move from codes of conduct to codes of ethics.