n South African Journal of Labour Relations - The use of external perceived injustices by AMCU in the South African platinum mining industry

Volume 40, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0379-8410
  • E-ISSN: 2520-3223



Social movement theories applied to industrial relations are insufficient to explain recruitment and collective action focused on perceived injustices that are external to the workplace and that an employer has a limited ability to influence. The South African platinum mining industry has been characterised by increased collective action and the emergence of a new independent union at the expense of the incumbent union. The new union has mobilised primarily on external injustices that employers cannot directly influence. 299 Union members were interviewed of rival unions to examine the effect of using external perceived injustices as the main driver for collective action in the platinum mining industry in 2012/2013. The findings extend prior research on social movement theory and industrial relations and discuss the implications for unions allied to government and employers.

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