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- Volume 34, Issue 1, 2003
Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa - Volume 34, Issue 1, 2003
Volume 34, Issue 1, 2003
Source: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 1 –2 (2003)More Less
Extracted from text ... EDITORIAL Ten years of Language Matters When the first issue of Language Matters appeared ten years ago, the way ahead was uncertain and not without difficulties. If one looks back over the past decade there is cause to celebrate, as Language Matters has steadily grown both in the volume, range and the quality of contributions. A significant point in the history of this journal has now been reached as we are currently negotiating joint publication with an internationally acclaimed publisher. Language Matters has deep roots: evolved from English Usage in Southern Africa, which was first published in 1960, and ..
Source: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 3 –12 (2003)More Less
War and peace are an integral part of the history of humankind. Wars can have a major effect on language as they bring about language contact situations which can disturb and change the language ecology of a region. This can lead to either the death of languages or the creation of new languages. Wars influence language change in various ways, and are responsible for the creation of new words and expressions. Warmongers manipulate and use language as one of their weapons. Peacemakers have also seen the potential of language for promoting peace. Political battles are often fought over language rights. Language issues are often inseparable from other struggles. The relationship between war and language can be viewed from many angles and this theme offers many possibilities for fruitful research.
Author Charles PfukwaSource: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 13 –23 (2003)More Less
Guerrillas in Zimbabwe's armed conflict (1966±1980) developed names from different languages and cultures, and used them to project their ideology and aspirations. This article explores how these names were adapted in varying degrees, sometimes retaining their semantic properties and at times acquiring new meanings. The names are classified into eight categories according to source and function. The naming processes and patterns discussed reveal the value of <I>noms de guerre </I> as an indicator of multicultural relations.
Author Richard EvansSource: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 24 –34 (2003)More Less
We tend to think of modern phenomena such as `newspeak' as being a child of the times in which we live, a child of the mass media age. However, in this article it is shown that `newspeak' began at least 2000 years ago, and that the earliest examples of such language remain fundamental in current usage. The Romans, perhaps viewed as unemotional people, actually wrote in an emotional fashion, and were preoccupied with virtues and vices where these were visible in public life. The literature they created contains an abundance of material which is drawn upon today for precisely the `newspeak' which covers contemporary political events and dominates the media.
Author Henning PieterseSource: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 35 –47 (2003)More Less
In this article the question is posed whether certain semantically `loaded' terms and phrases used during various wars fought since 1968 have undergone semantic shifts, and whether they can still be accommodated under certain figures of speech such as irony, hyperbole and euphemism, all with their inherent dichotomies. It is argued that all these terms can be accommodated under one superordinate, namely `doublespeak'. The article firstly addresses certain thematic, methodological and theoretical issues regarding the analysis of phrases, terms and speech acts that are quite well known in `war-speak'. The focus then falls on an article by Thomas Merton, `War and the crisis of language' (1968), and comments are made on the relevance of this article today.
Author Mariana KrielSource: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 48 –56 (2003)More Less
This article argues that the language activism witnessed over the past decade in the white Afrikaans-speaking community constitutes, in essence, a nationalist movement. Here an attempt is made to illustrate that the South African constitution as well as certain trends in sociolinguistic literature has opened the door to nationalist opportunism. Preliminary comments are made about the nature of this movement, its underlying rationale and its principal agents.
The price to pay for peace : corporate language and culture at a South African University : research articleAuthor Grazia Sumeli WeinbergSource: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 57 –71 (2003)More Less
More than a decade has passed since the conclusion of the Cold War and the end of the armed struggle in South Africa. In the United States of America, with the fall of communism, the neo-liberal capitalist policies of deregulation, globalisation and the reduction/elimination of government spending for social programmes and institutions have paved the way for the rise of giant corporations which, wielding unprecedented economic power across the globe, have claimed as legitimate the link between democracy and the practice of a free market. Corporate culture, with the concomitant commodification of values, has impacted strongly on existing social structures worldwide, influencing the way in which reality is perceived. <br> With reduced funding for teaching and research, higher education has come increasingly under corporate control, even in South Africa. Simultaneously, since the peaceful transition to majority rule, the South African government has embarked on restructuring and transforming society in order to redress the imbalances created by the country's colonial past. The choice of an American/corporate model for South African universities is, therefore, questionable in the light of the hegemonic influence of Western capitalism. <br> In the hope of stimulating a proactive debate, which would enhance awareness of the forces at present operating in South African society, the author of this article offers a brief analysis of how the current use of language with clear referentiality to the corporate ethos is reflected in the activities of a South African university.
Joiners, AWOL en Umkhonto : soldate wat steeds veg binne die Afrikaanse literere taalgebruik : research articleAuthor Henriette RoosSource: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 72 –79 (2003)More Less
This article argues that links are forged between different generations of Afrikaans prose writers and their contexts by means of the images and concepts related to war that are used in P J Haasbroek's novel, <I>Oemkontoe van die nasie </I> (2001). The topic is wide-ranging and complex, but only a few of aspects are mentioned here. Words and images referring to past conflicts in South Africa are significant icons and markers of an entire field of emotions, histories and symbolism that create a living intertextual framework to authericate each new narrative into which it is incorporated.
Author Ricky SnydersSource: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 80 –85 (2003)More Less
Extracted from text ... Mechologic and ecologic: blueprints for war and peace Ricky Snyders Department of Psychology University of South Africa firstname.lastname@example.org Trying to protect his students' innocence he told them the Ice Age was really just the Chilly Age, a period of a million years when everyone had to wear sweaters. And the stone age became the gravel age, named after the long driveways of the time. The Spanish Inquisition was nothing more than an outbreak of questions such as `How far is it from here to Madrid?' `What do you call the matador's hat?' The War of the Roses took place ..
Author Christo Van RensburgSource: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 86 –89 (2003)More Less
It is a well-known fact that in times of war there are no victors. The countries that participate in the war, and the armies, are in one way or another all losers. If one, however, looks closely at war situations, especially from a language point of view, it becomes clear that something new has, after all, been invented in that situation. A war, and the aftermath of war, typically brings people of different languages in close contact. Contact situations where the participants share a common aim but have different languages to realise it, invariably result in the adaptation of their languages by the participants. The language of the conqueror plays the dominant role, but all the speakers in the contact situation take part in the process. The changes in the participating languages are an ongoing process, and are stimulated by the dominating culture in that situation.
Author L.A. BarnesSource: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 91 –94 (2003)More Less
Extracted from text ... Language in South Africa Mesthrie, R. ed. 2002. Language in South Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 485pp. Southern Africa provides a fascinating laboratory in which the complex dynamics of multilingual societies can be studied. Although this region offers almost unlimited scope for sociolinguists and scholars of related disciplines, relatively few books have been published in these fields. In this regard Language in South Africa (LSA) and its predecessor, Language and social history: studies in South African sociolinguistics (LSH), fill a major gap. The publishers describe LSA as `a comprehensive and wide-ranging guide to languages and society in South Africa'. ..
Source: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 95 –100 (2003)More Less
Extracted from text ... Index to volumes 24 to 33 of Language Matters Language Matters was first published in 1993. This is a complete index of all the articles and book reviews published from 1993 to 2002. In the index of books reviewed, which follows the main index, the references direct one to the names of reviewers listed in the main index (where fuller bibliographical as well as the volume and page references to the reviews themselves may be found). Language Matters grew out of English Usage in Southern Africa. A complete index of this journal (vols 1?23) was given in vol 24, ..
Source: Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa 34, pp 101 –102 (2003)More Less
Extracted from text ... Index to books reviewed in Language Matters Collie, Joanne and Slater Stephen. 1995 True to life: English for adult learners (elementary ? Classbook). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. See Titlestad, M.1996. Cook, Vivian. 1991. Second language learning and language teaching. London: Edward Arnold. See Morris, A and Morris, C. 1993. Foll, David and Kelly Anne. 1996. First certificate avenues revised edition coursebook. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. See Titlestad, M. 1996. Freeman, Donald and Richards, J C eds. 1996. Teacher learning in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. See Kilfoil, Wendy R. 1996. Garmashova, I V. 1995. Study guide for RSS101-L. Pretoria: ..