n Language Matters : Studies in the Languages of Southern Africa - Exploring the cross-border standardization of Chisena

Volume 36, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0256-5986



Chisena can be regarded as a cross-border language as its speech communities are found on both sides of the Malawi-Mozambique border. The two cross-border varieties of Chisena are in various stages of standardisation. This article examines the possibility of harmonising these two partially standardised varieties in order to produce one standard language. After a brief sketch of the background to this situation, the rationale for harmonisation is set out, together with evidence from the orthography and lexicon used in two recent Bible translations. Some recommendations are made for possible harmonisation of the two varieties.

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