n Journal for Language Teaching = Ijenali Yekufundzisa Lulwimi = Tydskrif vir Taalonderrig - A critique of the Dokean approach towards the lexical classes 'adjective', 'relative' and 'enumerative' in Zulu

Volume 36, Issue 3_4
  • ISSN : 0259-9570



In Doke's word class classification, so-called 'adjective', 'relative' and 'enumerative' stems can belong to any of &lt;b&gt;three&lt;/b&gt; different word classes, depending on the way in which they are used. Doke regards only &lt;b&gt;qualificatively&lt;/b&gt; used adjective, relative and enumerative stems as belonging to the word classes 'adjective', 'relative' and 'enumerative' respectively. When these word stems are used in socalled 'copulative' / 'attributive' constructions, they are relegated to the word class 'copulative' and are therefore no longer regarded as adjectives, relatives and enumeratives, but as <b>copulatives</b>. When 'adjectives', 'relatives' and 'enumeratives' precede their noun antecedents, or when they are used without their antecedents, Doke regards them as 'qualificative <b>pronouns</b>'. What is clear, however, is that all of these categories contain a number of word stems that are found as the complements of (frequently underlying) copulatives, and which can either be used in embedded (relative) constructions, or in 'copulative' / 'predicative' constructions as the predicate of the sentence / clause. It is also concluded that the basic function of these forms remains that of <b>noun modification</b>, even though they can at times function pronominally.

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