n Journal for Language Teaching = Ijenali Yekufundzisa Lulwimi = Tydskrif vir Taalonderrig - Constructing international floors for language learning ends : reflecting on a teacher upgrading course
|Article Title||Constructing international floors for language learning ends : reflecting on a teacher upgrading course|
|© Publisher:||South African Association for Language Teaching (SAALT)|
|Journal||Journal for Language Teaching = Ijenali Yekufundzisa Lulwimi = Tydskrif vir Taalonderrig|
|Author||Willfred J. Greyling|
|Publication Date||Dec 2005|
|Pages||187 - 208|
|Keyword(s)||Floors, Language learning and Transnet-Riep-project|
The main aim of this article is to show that teachers, as superordinates in an authority-based relationship, may consciously construct configurations of the interactional floor to achieve pre-selected language learning ends. The researcher, who participated as a teacher trainer in the TRANSNET-RIEP project, used classroom discourse as tangible evidence of teacher constructions of the interactional floor. Following Jones and Thornborrow (2004: 399-423), he argued that the teacher's discourse competence had to include the ability to construct activity-specific floors to achieve language learning ends. Arguing from a constructivist perspective, he selected the construct <u>+</u> <b>discursive initiative</b> as framework. The pole - <I>initiative</I> implies that the teacher tightly controls learners' contributions to the discursive process, while the pole + <I>initiative</I> relates to teacher initiations framing learner responses that replicate the demands of real-life interaction. In two cycles of an action-research project, the researcher experimented with activities on the continuum between the two poles. Using theoretical sampling, the researcher collected interactional data for two activities representing the medial position on the continuum of data types for the <u>+</u> <I>discursive initiative construct</I>. First, he selected an activity in which he was required to mediate the process of generating a dialogue with the trainees. Next, he selected an activity in which the learners were required to generate and practise prepared dialogues. Both dialogues were based on pre-reading activities. In neither activity were learners required to produce discourse under real-time communication constraints. The activity-specific discourse was recorded, transcribed and analysed. The interactional floors that emerged from the activities were then described on the basis of similarities and differences. Their typicality was defined, among others, on the basis of the <b>construct local-allocational</b> versus <b>boundary-restricted teacher mediation speech acts</b>.
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