Latin American Report - Volume 17, Issue 2, 2001
Volume 17, Issue 2, 2001
Source: Latin American Report 17 (2001)More Less
The encounter of European and Amerindian civilizations in Latin America led to deep cleavages. The ever-present debate on the consequences of colonialism is as relevant in that Continent as it is in Southern Africa. Has the harmony between Man and Nature been forever damaged by the introduction of new technologies and different cultural values into traditional non-European societies? The article on Culture and Modernization in the Andean Countries offers some insights into this collision of culture and technologies and its consequences.
Author Wim PelupessySource: Latin American Report 17, pp 4 –14 (2001)More Less
Structural adjustment and New Economic Model (NEM) strategies were unsuccessful to recover long-run growth paths or to develop sustainable industrialization processes in the Latin American economies. A main problem is that they were almost exclusively supply oriented and did not consider the consequences of participation of productive enterprises in global commodity chains. This article shows that to identify case specific conditions to improve the position of Latin American firms, it will be necessary to assess their performance within the structure and dynamics of these international productive networks. This means that one should consider the complete international process of value generation and distribution from raw material exploitation through intermediate manufacturing and trading stages to final consumption. Key dimensions of the chain to be assessed are its governance and input-output structures, the location of activities and the institutional framework. A number of recent applications in Latin America of the approach is examined in this article. The presence of asymmetry in (market) power has led to highly unequal distributions of income to the disadvantage of the Latin American economies. The strong emergence of demand or buyer-driven chains has created new challenges and opportunities for local firms. However, in order to improve their position in a sustainable way, demand oriented measures seem to be indispensable complements to the supply oriented ones.
The free trade area of the Americas and Mercosur-European Union free trade processes : can they learn something from each other? : research articleAuthor Robert DevlinSource: Latin American Report 17, pp 15 –31 (2001)More Less
The FTAA process itself has already generated important positive externalities for the hemisphere and the multilateral system. It has provided a regular forum for the 34 countries' trade delegations. FTAA meetings have been a learning laboratory for many delegations regarding the complex Uruguay Round obligations and other areas not yet contained therein (e.g., Competition Policy and mechanisms for communication with Civil Society). The Preparatory Stage also generated many comparative databases and inventories on trade-related issues among the 34, increasing intergovernmental transparency in trade relations. Moreover, thanks to the release of most of this information to the public, this transparency has been transmitted to private markets as well. Independently of whether an FTAA is actually realized in 2005, it has steady marched forward to date. The success raises the question about whether there are lessons for other ambitious transcontinental, or interregional, trade initiatives. More specifically, are there lessons for the just initiated MEU approach for the FTAA process? The purpose of this paper is to preliminarily address these questions.
Author Constantin Von BarloewenSource: Latin American Report 17, pp 32 –42 (2001)More Less
Based on Chapter One, 'La cultura desde el punto de vista teórico', and Chapter Three, 'La ciencia y la tecnología de Latinoamérica', of the book Latinoamérica: cultura y modernidad, Tecnología y cultura en el espacio andino (see References), pp. 7±30 and 55±72. This book is the result of a European Union pilot research project sponsored by the German Department of Foreign Affairs. The author worked in various Latin American universities and libraries, as well as doing field work in the Andean region. He also visited the universities of Princeton, Harvard and Texas on several occasions to do research work and library research. The library of the University of Texas has the largest collection of works relating to Latin American affairs. In the Latin American countries he interviewed scientists, authors, government ministers and presidents as well as church representatives (of both the Catholic hierarchy and Liberation Theology).
Reaffirming policy, reasserting priorities : President Thabo Mbeki's visits to Latin America : research articleAuthor Zelia Roelofse-CampbellSource: Latin American Report 17, pp 43 –47 (2001)More Less
The six months from December 2000 to May 2001 were marked by a series of South African official visits to Latin America at the highest level. In December 2000 President Thabo Mbeki attended the Mercosur Summit in Florianopolis, Brazil, which culminated in the signing of the framework agreement between South Africa and Mercosur, setting the parameters for the negotiation of a free trade agreement between the two parties. Mbeki's visit to Cuba, in contrast, reaffirmed South Africa's strong ties with that country in terms of social policy and technical co-operation. And visits to Colombia and Mexico by the deputy president focused on common problems and co-operation. The South African visits to Latin America emphasize the country's foreign policy priorities which are to target states which have common developmental, economic and political interests.
Author Thabo MbekiSource: Latin American Report 17, pp 48 –51 (2001)More Less
This is the address by His Excellency, President Thabo Mbeki, of the Republic of South Africa at the University of the State of Bahia (UNEB), Brazil on 14 December 2000, on the occasion of his being awarded an honorary doctorate. The graduation was attended by the Governor of the State of Bahia, Dr César Borges and officiated by the Rector, Dr. Ivette Alves do Sacramento. There were many other distinguished guests.
Source: Latin American Report 17, pp 61 –64 (2001)More Less
To Honour Life is a non-governmental organization created by two South Americans, Pablo Pérez of Argentina and Carmen Salazar of Chile, and South African Wessel Visser.
South Africa's cities are full of street children. Poverty is rife and young children begging on street corners has become a common sight. Drugs are rapidly spreading through homeless communities. Whatever the risks the drug trade may pose, they are preferable to death from starvation and boredom.