n Latin American Report - Political actors in the New Caribbean regionalism and the limits of liberal intergovernmentalism : research article

Volume 19, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0256-6060



The Caribbean Basin is experiencing a new wave of economic regionalism since the beginning of the 1990s. Which are the actors that have promoted the emergence of such a regionalism? After a brief account of the theories of political integration, the liberal intergovermentalist approach developed by Andrew Moravcsik (1994) is used to explore this question. As applied to an explanation of the development of the European Union, Moravcsik argues that integration is the result of the interaction of nation states and economic actors. They are the key players in the process of forming national preferences in which integration policy is designed. It is argued that Moravcsik's ideas could help to understand the new regionalism in the Caribbean Basin. This notwithstanding, the narrow definition of non-state actors proposed by Moravcsik is criticised. By limiting the analysis to the action of business associations, Moravcsik does not consider the increasing participation of civil society in the process of regional integration. The recent evolution of regionalism in the Caribbean confirms this deficiency of liberal intergovernmentalism.

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