n Latin American Report - Brazil - South Africa relations : four decades towards the affirmation of a democratic partnership : research article




This article examines Brazilian diplomacy towards South Africa from 1948 to 1990. It focuses on various landmarks in Brazilian foreign policy towards Africa in general and South Africa in particular. Post-1945 Brazil saw the need to establish itself on the African continent in order to foster its commercial interests and thus its national development. But from 1961 Brazil faced the problem of simultaneously establishing good relations with newly independent black Africa and maintaining good relations with its (by far) biggest market in Africa - apartheid South Africa. This article describes how Brazil achieved this in the face of a changing international situation and domestic disagreements over policy, especially after the return of democracy to Brazil in 1985. This tension in Brazil's Africa policy ended with the then South African President F W de Klerk's reforms of 1990, which ended apartheid, allowing normalisation of relations.


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