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n Latin American Report - The emergence of ethnic identities and the multi-culturalisation of Latin American society : research article

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Abstract

Since the early 1970s, Latin America has witnessed the appearance of organisations which seek to represent the 'Indian peoples' and which lobby for the recognition of these peoples' linguistic, cultural, political and economic rights. Such organisations advocate an Indianist ideology, which is diametrically opposed to the old Indigenism, that is integrative and assimilative. The article presents the factors that led to the emergence and development of Indianism. It describes the process by which the Indianist organisations created a movement that tapped deeper and deeper roots in the indigenous milieu. Finally, it analyses the answers given by the neoliberal state to the Indians' demands, as well as their consequences upon the organisation of society.

A partir de principios de los aços 1970, aparecen en América Latina organizaciones que pretenden representar a 'pueblos indios' y que militan en favor del reconocimiento de derechos linguísticos, culturales, políticos y económicos a estos pueblos. Tales organizaciones promueven una ideología indianista que se opone tajantemente al viejo indigenismo integrador y asimilacionista. El artículo presenta los factores que condicionaron la emergencia y el desarrollo del indianismo. Describe el proceso a través del cual las organizaciones indianistas generaron un movimiento más y más arraigado en el medio indígena. Finalmente, analiza las respuestas que el Estado neoliberal está dando a las demandas identitarias de los indios, y las consecuencias que tienen sobre la organización de la sociedad.

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/content/latamrep/22/1_2/EJC60218
2006-01-01
2016-12-05
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