Latin American Report - Volume 24, Issue 2, 2008
Volume 24, Issue 2, 2008
Author Ogaga OkuyadeSource: Latin American Report 24, pp 2 –11 (2008)More Less
The predominant focus on the male protagonist in the Bildungsroman genre has provoked feminist critics to offer a re-definition of the genre, claiming that the female protagonist's development differs in significant ways from the traditionally expected course of development. This article therefore, examines the trope of the daughter as agency for identity formation in postcolonial women's narratives, specifically the Chicano/a and African literary traditions in order to foreground the various rebellious strategies these protagonists employ to locate, retrieve their voices and claim space to render themselves visible. The article equally examines how female writers use this trope as rhetorical device to reflect the complex dichotomous nature of self-identity and re-envision new modes of self-representational writing. Sandra Cisneros' The House on Mango Street and Tsitsi Dangarembga's Nervous Conditions provide the tool for textual analysis. Besides the appraisal of the daughter as trope and agency in these narratives, the essay also concentrates on the issue of identity formation and how these female writers subvert a traditional male narrative form, the Bildungsroman, to give voice to female characters.
Shades of Che : reconstructing the multiple identities of Ernesto Che Guevara in I. Lavretsky's Ernesto Che GuevaraSource: Latin American Report 24, pp 12 –20 (2008)More Less
Ernesto Che Guevara is a highly celebrated and vilified figure in Latin American and world history. Both those who vilify and celebrate him tend to focus on his ideological, leadership and military identities. Given his life trajectory, this focus is both unavoidable and essential. This paper intends to go further and explore Che's more marginalised identities. These include his childhood identities, hereditary, embodied selves, prisoner, victim and messianic identities. It is hoped that this will contribute to the construction of a more holistic memory of one of Latin America's most enigmatic figures. The paper explores these identities while at the same time interrogating the extent to which the biographical narrative can reconstruct and adapt itself to new readings and meanings of such a controversial life as that of Che.
Author Urther RwafaSource: Latin American Report 24, pp 21 –35 (2008)More Less
This article strives to stimulate debate in Zimbabwe about the possibilities of a Third World developmental cinema. The idea of Third Cinema emerged from critical works written by two Latin Americans filmmakers Fernando Solanas and Octavio Getino in the 1970s. Argentine by origin, Solanas and Getino influenced the ideological path of cinema in Latin America, Africa and Asia by adopting an anti-imperialistic stance to the cultural expression of the Hollywood film paradigm. Since the 1980s, Third Cinema has been re/defined and re/constituted in other cultural sites of resistance and development. In Zimbabwe, these sites are characterized by their inherent struggles in which questions of gender, class, race, ethnicity, politics and economics decide the destiny of people's lives. In this article, the evolutionary and revolutionary ideas of Solanas and Getino are used as a reference point that functions as a prototype towards the re/formulation of a type of film that Zimbabwe needs to address its social, economic and political problems. This entails a detailed analysis of some selected films produced in post-independent Zimbabwe.
Another way of knowing : rethinking the concept of time in Gabriel Garcia Marquez's One Hundred Years of SolitudeAuthor Barbara Chiedza ManyararaSource: Latin American Report 24, pp 36 –41 (2008)More Less
Without doubt sequential time and chronological time are important elements to the study of the Buendia family saga, a feat many have attempted. However, the present analysis is a linguistically determined understanding of the concept of time in the novel One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Examining dictionary entries of the lexical item 'time' yielded many apt nominal and adjectival phrases, thus enabling a linguistic exploration and identification of a variety of actions and events within a time-related framework. Although far from exhaustive, the result is that an alternative knowing of the concept of time in the novel has been established.
Author Kofi Poku Quan-BaffourSource: Latin American Report 24, pp 42 –49 (2008)More Less
Christianity was introduced in Ghana by the first missionaries in 1482. Christian theology was limited to the liberation of the faithful from the oppression of sin, and preparing souls for salvation. This agenda left out the economic needs of the faithful, particularly women. Women play an important role in the Church, yet they are generally oppressed by poverty due to lack of skills for employment. The need for both mundane and spiritual support have now become an important part of Liberation Theology in the Catholic Church. The Christian Mothers' Association provides its members with skills training to ensure their economic liberation. This paper aimed at testing how the skills programme is liberating women from the oppression of poverty within the Diocese of Techiman.
Author Charles PfukwaSource: Latin American Report 24, pp 50 –64 (2008)More Less
Upon joining the liberation struggle, guerrillas were compelled to assume new names, mainly to hide their identities as well as protect their families from the enemy forces. Furthermore, the new war names reinforced the revolutionary mood, motivating and boosting their morale in their struggle. However, much literature has tended to focus on the masculine tenets of the nom de guerre. The thrust of this paper, therefore, is on the female war names and their significance in the context of the war and beyond. This research is being carried out against the background of the belief that these war names had great significance for the female guerrilla's perception of her goals, challenges and fears during the war, as well as the nature of her liberation war duties. The names also gave an insight into their hopes and expectations in the post war period. This paper thus attempts to address the implications of the names in the face of the quest to discard previously feminine roles and the need for equal partnership with their male counterparts. The paper also questions the applicability of some of the names with regard to the war. An analysis of the corpus of the names is given within the context of the war and the post independence era. This research is part of an ongoing project on onomastics and presents data collected on the names guerrillas used during the Zimbabwean liberation struggle.
Author Arthur T. MakandaSource: Latin American Report 24, pp 65 –67 (2008)More Less
David Mutasa is a Zimbabwean writer based in South Africa where he is a lecturer at the University of South Africa (UNISA). He is well known through his other prize winning book Nyambo DzeJoni (1996) which has been included on the school syllabus in Zimbabwe.
David Mutasa's Sekai Minda Tave Nayo is a novel written in "bastardised" Shona. The setting of the book is in Bikita and Zaka found in Masvingo province, these districts are some districts of the most mountainous communal lands of Zimbabwe, where a sizeable number of the inhabitants have built their homes in the mountains.