n Latin American Report - The imperatives of Third World developmental cinema : the case of Zimbabwe

Volume 24, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0256-6060



This article strives to stimulate debate in Zimbabwe about the possibilities of a Third World developmental cinema. The idea of Third Cinema emerged from critical works written by two Latin Americans filmmakers Fernando Solanas and Octavio Getino in the 1970s. Argentine by origin, Solanas and Getino influenced the ideological path of cinema in Latin America, Africa and Asia by adopting an anti-imperialistic stance to the cultural expression of the Hollywood film paradigm. Since the 1980s, Third Cinema has been re/defined and re/constituted in other cultural sites of resistance and development. In Zimbabwe, these sites are characterized by their inherent struggles in which questions of gender, class, race, ethnicity, politics and economics decide the destiny of people's lives. In this article, the evolutionary and revolutionary ideas of Solanas and Getino are used as a reference point that functions as a prototype towards the re/formulation of a type of film that Zimbabwe needs to address its social, economic and political problems. This entails a detailed analysis of some selected films produced in post-independent Zimbabwe.

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