n Latin American Report - Demobilisation, reintegration and ex-combatants : post war traumas in Zimbabwean war literature
|Article Title||Demobilisation, reintegration and ex-combatants : post war traumas in Zimbabwean war literature|
|© Publisher:||UNISA Press|
|Journal||Latin American Report|
|Affiliations||1 Midlands State University, Zimbabwe|
|Publication Date||Jan 2010|
|Pages||60 - 73|
The article assesses demobilisation as an act of changing from war to a peace basis including disbanding or discharging troops. It views the aims of demobilisation especially in reducing the number of arms and armed personnel in the country. During this period of demobilisation in Zimbabwe, a package in cash or in kind was provided to ex-combatants so as to assist them in their initial stages of resettlement but little was done to cure their mental anguish. Some analysts say that this was the turning point of our economy from bad to worse. The article looks at demobilisation as a key process of transforming combatants into being ex-combatants. It will go on to explore the ways in which culture influences the perception of trauma in an African cultural context. The selected body of Zimbabwean war literature namely: Shimmer Chinodya's Harvest of Thorns (1989), Emmanuel Chiwome's Masango Mavi (1998), Clemence Chihota & Robert Muponde's No More Plastic Balls (2000), College Press's A Roof to Repair (2000), Alexander Kanengoni's Echoing Silences (1997) and Ignatius Mabasa's Mapenzi (1990) sufficiently depicts whether Zimbabwe's demobilisation model managed to transform the psychosocial magnitude of the effects of the Chimurenga War. The researcher is heavily influenced by contemporary post-colonial, literary theories of psychoanalysis, constructionist theories and other related theoretical protocols with niches in African discourse whose judicious application will continue to challenge newer post-modern approaches.
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