n Latin American Report - Demobilisation, reintegration and ex-combatants : post war traumas in Zimbabwean war literature

Volume 26, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0256-6060



The article assesses demobilisation as an act of changing from war to a peace basis including disbanding or discharging troops. It views the aims of demobilisation especially in reducing the number of arms and armed personnel in the country. During this period of demobilisation in Zimbabwe, a package in cash or in kind was provided to ex-combatants so as to assist them in their initial stages of resettlement but little was done to cure their mental anguish. Some analysts say that this was the turning point of our economy from bad to worse. The article looks at demobilisation as a key process of transforming combatants into being ex-combatants. It will go on to explore the ways in which culture influences the perception of trauma in an African cultural context. The selected body of Zimbabwean war literature namely: Shimmer Chinodya's (1989), Emmanuel Chiwome's (1998), Clemence Chihota & Robert Muponde's (2000), College Press's (2000), Alexander Kanengoni's (1997) and Ignatius Mabasa's (1990) sufficiently depicts whether Zimbabwe's demobilisation model managed to transform the psychosocial magnitude of the effects of the Chimurenga War. The researcher is heavily influenced by contemporary post-colonial, literary theories of psychoanalysis, constructionist theories and other related theoretical protocols with niches in African discourse whose judicious application will continue to challenge newer post-modern approaches.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error