Latin American Report - Volume 29, Issue 1, 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1, 2013
Author Aaron MupondiSource: Latin American Report 29, pp 2 –8 (2013)More Less
Samuel Selvon (1923-1994) was a very inspiring Caribbean writer of East Indian origin. In his novel A brighter sun (1952) Selvon writes about the East Indian diaspora in the Caribbean from the point of view of the East Indians themselves, thus filling a yawning gap in East Indian literature in the Caribbean Surprisingly, his novel did not receive as much critical attention as other well-known Caribbean artistic works by V.S. Naipaul George Lamming and Edward Brathwaite. However, what is particularly striking about A brighter sun is its optimistic vision which suggests that Trinidad's, and by extension, the Caribbean's future depends on the self-upliftment of the colonially oppressed individuals, integration and cooperation between East Indians and blacks to carry out a concerted struggle for independence.
A comparative analysis of thematic issues in selected children's literature from Zimbabwe and JamaicaSource: Latin American Report 29, pp 9 –17 (2013)More Less
This paper sought to establish if there were similarities in literary themes in children's literature from Zimbabwe and the Caribbean Islands. This was done by looking at recurrent themes in the Caribbean and Zimbabwean children's literatures. The paperâ??s analysis was based on two children's literature books; one from Jamaica and another from Zimbabwe. The researchers established that there are similarities in the themes explored in these texts. The themes that feature prominently are those of family, reward of bravery, punishing crime and myths and beliefs This seems to support Summer Edward's assertion that Caribbean children's literature has universal themes that can be found in children's literature the world over. The researchers, however, also established that there are some themes found in children's literatures that are peculiar to regions and their settings. For instance, some themes in Caribbean children's literature centre on the sea, which is central to the livelihoods of the people and is viewed as the provider of life. Similarly some dominant themes in the Zimbabwean children's literature revolve around the Great Zimbabwe monuments in the country. On the whole it is concluded that common themes in children's literature are universal.
Author Khatija Bibi KhanSource: Latin American Report 29, pp 18 –38 (2013)More Less
Western scholars of Islam, particularly in the United States (US) have tended to project the image of Islam not only as negative but also as constituted by a single version and vision. In their own response to what they think are the distortions of Islam practitioners of Islam and those scholars who feel they are the defenders of Islam have unfortunately also depicted the politico-spiritual movement of Islam in black communities in the US as cohesive, nationalistic and ever the persecuted religion. In the process what has been occluded is that there are versions and subversions within Islam. Subversions exist as sub-narratives that confirm as well as contest the prototype grand narrative of Islam Subversive narratives of Islam also exist in the US as contestatory versions that complicate pretensions to a one-ness in Islam which is entirely felt and experienced in the same way: there are as many nationalist Islam popular musical narratives as much as these are fractured along gendered lines. These fissures in the narratives of Islam in the US as they are articulated in black popular culture, far from revealing the decline of Islam as a religious and political world view, actually suggest the richness of the phenomenon of Islam that has refused to be defined in monolith terms. The space of Hip Hop provides one amongst several cultural sites where these different shades of Islam are manifested.
Author Efiritha ChaurayaSource: Latin American Report 29, pp 39 –50 (2013)More Less
This article is part of a larger study carried out by this researcher on gender mainstreaming in Zimbabwean state universities. Although the larger study utilised both qualitative and quantitative analysis, this study is qualitative main, as it sets out to determine the paradigm(s) through which the institutions mainstreamed gender. The qualitative examination revealed that the gender mainstreaming paradigm utilised by Zimbabwean state universities was the Integrationist Women in Development (WID) approach. The paradigm's transformative potential had driven the institutions to a point of no proficiency in terms of the envisaged gender evolution. The study recommends a paradigm shift in gender mainstreaming in Zimbabwean state universities so that the hopes and dreams for institutional gender equality are turned into reality.
Enhancing access and success for sustainable economic development : 'rewiring' farmers through African languagesAuthor Miidzo MaveseraSource: Latin American Report 29, pp 51 –68 (2013)More Less
Since gaining independence, African governments have struggled to establish themselves as successful economic power houses While a number of theories have been proffered to explain this phenomenon, this article argues that it results from African governments paying cursory attention to language planning and the effect of ex-colonial languages on socio-economic development Globalisation has not only reinforced the hegemony of ex-colonial languages but has exacerbated the marginalisation of African languages, thereby presenting a paradox of development for African states. Globalisation exposes African languages on the international language market as subjects of study; media of educational instruction; and communication tools in a modern 'technologised' society. The article interrogates the relationship between globalisation and the use of indigenous languages for economic emancipation with examples from Zimbabwe. The discussion adopts a holistic or a systems approach whereby it argues that language empowerment creates an environment conducive to socio-economic emancipation. It postulates that the use of mother tongue languages in crucial areas, such as educational instruction, opens doors for success and facilitates corporate social investment (CSI) which is an empowering tool for economic prosperity and posterity. The Miidzo Mavesera (MM) Dandaro Model is used to illustrate how language can motivate and empower people to contribute meaningfully to local and global development.
Source: Latin American Report 29, pp 69 –78 (2013)More Less
This article explores how the pungwe (the Shona word for sunrise but translated as night vigil) became so popular during Zimbabwe's war of liberation as a strategy to dislodge the colonial system that had taken root in Zimbabwe. The pungwe strategy was used mainly by the Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA), the military wing of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), during the war of liberationThe article demonstrates that the pungwe concept was a socialisation process that cuts across African cultures and African times. Pungwes provided multi-faced spaces that allowed the ZANU/ZANLA protagonists in the war of liberation to create a fighting community that included the ordinary masses.
Author Perminus MatiureSource: Latin American Report 29, pp 79 –101 (2013)More Less
The mbira dzaVadzimu (which means the voice of the ancestors) is also referred to as the nhare, and can be traced back as far as the 16th century. Since that period the instrument has gone through a number of changes ranging from its structure to its sacred efficacy. The instrument has accumulated a number of aspects that constitute the legacy of the mbira dzaVadzimu. This article traces the history of the mbira dzaVadzimu and how the legacy has shifted from its sacred efficacy and adopted a contemporary status where it is performed for entertainment It also outlines the etymology of the term 'mbira' as conceived by those who own it as opposed to terms coined by academic exponents. The mbira dzaVadzimu has never been stationary since its creation, even migrating to other parts of Zimbabwe and the world. The Shona musical styles and performance contexts in which the mbira dzaVadzimu is performed have also experienced a paradigm shift. The article is an extract from my ongoing PhD research which has an ethnographic design employed together with applied action research in the Wedza District of Zimbabwe.