n Latin American Report - The emergence of an Apostolic AIC founding text genre in Zimbabwe as a means to establish black hegemony in the church

Volume 29, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0256-6060



The role played by religious movements in shaping national destinies in Africa is well documented. In Zimbabwe, the advent of African Instituted Churches (AICs) has been accompanied by the emergence of a new text genre, the Apostolic AIC founding text, born of the need to convey AIC thinking about Africans and Christianity. This article reports findings from a study of the pioneering contribution of Zimbabwean Apostolic AIC founder, Paul Mwazha, to the development of this genre through his founding text, . Using interdiscursivity as an analytical tool, the article identifies and examines discursive strategies that Mwazha uses to weave characteristics of the autobiographic genre into the fabric of his founding text. The article contends that the autobiographic genre is combined with characteristics of the diary and post-contextual reconstruction of memories to incorporate into the founding text data from Mwazha's personal life, couched in Apostolic AIC spiritual discourse. This interdiscursive blend lends credence to Mwazha's claim to spirituality that sets him apart from other Methodist church leaders, aligns him with Shona traditional thinking, and marks him as destined to lead the Christian church. This validates the view that whereas genres are constituted according to the discursive needs of given social practices and domains, they also modify the discourses and social practices that generate them.

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