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n Latin American Report - Chimurenga war names as parodic critique of imperialism
A dictionary of Chimurenga War names, Charles Pfukwa : book review
A dictionary of Chimurenga War names by Charles Pfukwa is one of my prize possessions. Dr Charles Pfukwa is a Chimurenga War polymath whose encyclopaedic knowledge of the liberation struggle is unquestionable. He is an associate professor of linguistics, an internationally renowned author and a dominant figure in Zimbabwean print media, being Chief Editor of The Patriot, which has a uniquely large readership among Zimbabweans because of its policy of sharpening people's national consciousness. The dictionary will no doubt generate much interest among all who conceive of national and cultural identity in linguistic terms, regardless of their age. Writers across the African continent have debated the extent to which they should be, in Nadine Gordimer's phraseology, "more than writers" (1989), as well as their commitment and responsibility to examine topical issues. To many readers, the dictionary offers a therapeutic, leisure-time activity and an essentially optimistic perspective of humanity's potential to transform the debilitating effects of colonialism.
Some names provided political jokes in the view of the Bakhtinian theory of carnivals and the carnivalesque, where texts that glorify, mock, parody, scatologise, crown or decrown are represented through names. This carnivalesque form of politics provides a cycle that portrays "hidden dialogue between the oppressed and their marginalized discourse, and the regime and its dominant autocratic discourse" (Badarneh, 2011:305). These names provided subversive humour and a rebellious political tone that mocked the Rhodesian administration, thereby effecting both social and political changes during the colonial era. Chimurenga names celebrated Zimbabwe's liberation even before the attainment of independence. This created a different socio-political framework, which challenged the Rhodesian administration, leading to the carnival element that Bakhtin calls "internally persuasive discourse" (Badarneh 2011: 305), in terms of which official Rhodesian discourse was ridiculed at Pungwe meetings through grotesque realism.
The book has managed to show how Chimurenga names contain an element of dialogism, in terms of which freedom fighters interacted with others, not only by way of language, but also by using words that were "ideologically saturated" to represent the Zimbabwean socio-political ethos and contextual meanings (Craig, 1995:19). Chimurenga names, as texts or utterances, are therefore dialogic.
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