n Law, Democracy & Development - Bureaucracy is constraining democracy in South African schools

Volume 12, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1028-1053
  • E-ISSN: 2077-4907



Following the first democratic election in 1994 and the establishment of a constitutional democracy, South African society has been undergoing a fundamental transformation. In education, democratisation has been formalised with the redistribution and extension of power to local school governing bodies with the removal of centralised control over certain aspects of educational decision-making. The directive principle in section 4(m) of the National Education Policy Act contains the democratic requirement that the national Minister of Education must ensure broad public participation in the development of the education by including stakeholders in policymaking and governance in the education system.

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