n Law, Democracy & Development - Procedural explanations and choices : the undefended accused in a minefield

Volume 13, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1028-1053
  • E-ISSN: 2077-4907



The South African Criminal trial process is governed by the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Act. In essence a criminal trial is conducted through the medium of the spoken word and is therefore essentially oral in nature. According to Steytler the key element of an adversarial trial is its orality.

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