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n Law, Democracy & Development - The effect of women's care-giving role on their social security rights
The South African Constitution, 1996, guarantees 'everyone' the right of access to social security, including social assistance, if they are unable to support themselves and their dependants.
South African social security can generally be divided into two branches: social assistance and social insurance. Social assistance in South Africa refers to tax based, flat rate and means tested benefits administered by the state and payable to select categories of persons in need of income support, for example, grants paid to older persons. Social insurance, on the other hand, comprises of contributory schemes that provide income related benefits to employees in the event of a specific social risk occurring, for example, unemployment benefits payable upon loss of employment, or benefits payable upon retirement.
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