n Law, Democracy & Development - Democracy and development in the age of globalisation : tensions and contradictions in the context of specific African challenges

Volume 14, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1028-1053
  • E-ISSN: 2077-4907



In 1993 the World Conference on Human Rights adopted the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action which proclaimed, inter alia, that "democracy, development and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms are interdependent and mutually reinforcing." Whereas this interdependence is possible and indeed desirable, the statement tends to ignore the contradictions and challenges posed by the relationship between these ideals and one of the leading characteristics of the contemporary world - globalisation. The relationship between globalisation and democracy is quite complex. So, too, is the relationship between globalisation and development. Moreover, the structural and institutional changes associated with globalisation have a significant impact on the protection of human rights, particularly in the developing world. Nowhere is this complex relationship more prominent than on the African continent. This is due to the unique circumstances and peculiar challenges that African countries have faced in the past and will continue to face in the foreseeable future.

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