Law, Democracy & Development - Volume 7, Issue 1, 2003
Volumes & issues
Volume 7, Issue 1, 2003
Author Sandra LiebenbergSource: Law, Democracy & Development 7, pp VII –XIV (2003)More Less
This is the second issue of a special two-issue edition of Law, Democracy & Development featuring the papers that formed part of a research project focusing on the implications of the socio-economic rights in the Constitution for social change in South Africa. For the full editorial introducing this special edition, please refer to the companion edition: Volume 6, 2002(2).
Author Danie BrandSource: Law, Democracy & Development 7, pp 1 –26 (2003)More Less
South Africa has enough food for its people. Our country generally shows a healthy exportable surplus in its production of basic foodstuffs. In cases where drought or other factors have caused a shortfall in supply, we have always been able to import sufficient food timeously. We have never featured on the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation's (FAO's) Global Information and Early Warning System as a country in, or even approaching, a food crisis. Food production in South Africa is also diversified, ensuring the availability of a wide range of foodstuffs.
Source: Law, Democracy & Development 7, pp 27 –53 (2003)More Less
The most basic and compelling human need is clean water and sanitation. The World Health Organisation (WHO) links about four million deaths each year and almost five billion sickness incidents to the lack of adequate sanitation and drinking water. In South Africa, unequal access to this basic human need is part of the unjust division of resources bequeathed on the majority of South Africans by the policies of the past. Landowners were also the owners of the water on their land. Hence, access to water is integrally linked to land ownership and millions of South Africans are condemned to a life of poverty, insecurity and continuous exposure to diseases that would otherwise be avoidable.
Author Karrisha PillaySource: Law, Democracy & Development 7, pp 55 –81 (2003)More Less
Health for all by the year 2000 was the call of the World Health Organisation (WHO) 20 years ago. Yet in the year 2002, South Africa is still grappling with the legacy of discriminatory and oppressive apartheid policies that pose an ongoing challenge to the health of its people. It is facing a crisis of phenomenal proportions with a significant decline in the average life expectancy of its people While this decline can to a large extent be attributed to the HIV/AIDS pandemic, on a national level, factors such as the legacy of apartheid, poverty, malnutrition and violence are also largely responsible.
Author Pierre De VosSource: Law, Democracy & Development 7, pp 83 –112 (2003)More Less
South Africa is in the midst of a HIV/AIDS crisis of catastrophic proportions. Although the exact figures are in dispute, most experts agree that between four and six million people in South Africa are presently living with the HIV virus and that this figure will keep rising for the next five years. According to a recent report prepared by the Medical Research Council of South Africa (MRC), over half the deaths of people between the ages of 15 and 49 have HIV/AIDS-related causes.
Too little? Too late? The implications of the Grootboom case for state responses to child-headed householdsAuthor Julia Sloth-NielsenSource: Law, Democracy & Development 7, pp 113 –136 (2003)More Less
Any assessment of levels of destitution, desperation and societal disintegration must surely rank the increasing phenomenon of children living in households without adult caregivers, a consequence of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, as one of the most pressing concerns facing South African society. It has been estimated that by 2005 there will be more than a million children aged under 16 who have lost their parents due to HIV/AIDS and that by 2010 there will be more than two million who have been orphaned and who are fending for themselves and their siblings. Dramatic increases in juvenile criminality have been predicted, based on the supposition that parentless children will migrate from rural areas to cities and towns in search of the means of survival. Once there, they will have no alternative but to steal to stay alive. For this and other reasons, it has been predicted that dramatic social and political consequences, caused by the increased number of children growing up in child-headed households, will affect South African society over the next decade.
Author Mandla SeleoaneSource: Law, Democracy & Development 7, pp 137 –169 (2003)More Less
The Constitution of South Africa makes provision for the following social and economic rights: labour relations, environmental rights, housing, health care, food, water, social security, and education. It also provides for the protection of cultural, religious and linguistic rights.