n Law, Democracy & Development - Socio-economic rights and the process of privatising basic municipal services

Volume 8, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1028-1053
  • E-ISSN: 2077-4907



The socio-economic rights in the Bill of Rights bind all organs of state, including municipalities. These rights may also impose positive obligations. Through the delivery of basic services, municipalities fulfil some of these obligations; indeed, the very purpose of municipalities is to be 'developmental'. Municipalities usually provide these services themselves but they may also use external service providers, including the private sector. National government policy also encourages municipalities to privatise their services and municipalities are increasingly doing so.

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