1887

n Lexikos - The presentation of word formation in general monolingual dictionaries

USD

 

Abstract

Word formation in the dictionary belongs, at the latest since the contribution of Mugdan (1984), to the topics frequently discussed by lexicographers. Unfortunately the results have not always been satisfactory. This applies both to the formulation of lexicographic theory and to the lexicographic practice because the lexicographic terms have the linguistic terms as point of departure and questions are put as to how these phenomena should be presented in dictionaries. Instead, one should rather ask which information needs dictionary users experience in which types of user situations and then decide where and how items giving word formation can be presented in order to benefit the envisaged target user of a given dictionary.


The lexicographic practice is also in an unsatisfactory position with regard to items giving word formation because the typical polyfunctional dictionaries have too many items giving word formation for text reception problems and far too few for text production problems or for the real general knowledge needs regarding word formation in the specific language. This paper gives suggestions regarding the theoretical approaches that could lead to a better user-directed lexicographic practice.


Woordvorming in woordeboeke is ten minste sedert die bydrae van Mugdan (1984) 'n onderwerp wat gereeld deur leksikograwe bespreek word. Ongelukkig was die resultate hiervan nie altyd bevredigend nie. Dit geld sowel die formulering van leksikografiese teorie as die leksikografiese praktyk want die leksikografiese terme het linguistierse terme as vertrekpunt en vrae word gestel oor hoe hierdie verskynsels in woordeboeke aangebied moet word. In stede daarvan behoort daar eerder gevra te word watter inligtingsbehoeftes gebruikers in watter tipes gebruikersituasies ervaar en dan moet daar besluit word waar en hoe aanduiders van woordvorming aangebied moet word om die beoogde teikengebruiker van die woordeboek ten beste te bevoordeel.
Die leksikografiese praktyk is ook in 'n onbevredigende situasie met betrekking tot aanduiders van woordvorming. Die tipiese polifunksionele woordeboeke het te veel aanduiders wat woordvorming vir teksbegrip bied en veels te min wat op die oplossing van teksproduksieprobleme gerig is of op die werklike algemene kennisbehoeftes oor woordvorming in 'n bepaalde taal. Hierdie artikel bied voorstelle oor teoretiese benaderings wat sou kon lei tot 'n beter gebruikersgerigte leksikografiepraktyk.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/lexikos/23/1/EJC146583
2013-01-01
2016-12-05
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error