1887

n Lexikos - Comparing dictionary-induced vocabulary learning and inferencing in the context of reading

Volume 26, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1684-4904
  • E-ISSN: 2224-0039
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Abstract

This research examines dictionary-induced vocabulary learning and inferencing in the context of reading. One hundred and four intermediate English learners completed one of two word-focused tasks: reading comprehension and dictionary consultation, and reading comprehen-sion and inferencing. In addition to performing the tasks, some subjects reported their thinking processes either during or after the completion of the tasks, and those who did not were tested both immediately and one week later for their learning of target words. The results show that diction-ary-induced vocabulary learning was significantly more effective than inferencing. The researcher explains such results in terms of theories of the degree of elaboration and connectionist models, and suggests that the provision of a number of various aspects of knowledge about a target word is very facilitative for word learning.

Vergelyking van woordeboek-gemotiveerde aanleer en -aflei-ding van woordeskat in die leeskonteks. Hierdie navorsing ondersoek woordeboek-gemotiveerde aanleer en -afleiding van woordeskat in die leeskonteks. Eenhonderd-en-vier inter-mediêre Engels leerders het een van twee woordgefokusde opdragte voltooi: leesbegrip en woor-deboekkonsultasie, en leesbegrip en betekenisafleiding. Buiten die uitvoer van die take, het party proefkonyne ook tydens of ná voltooiing van die take verslag gedoen van hul denkprosesse, en dié wat dit nie gedoen het nie is onmiddellik, asook een week later, getoets vir die aanleer van teiken-woorde. Die resultate toon dat woordeboek-gemotiveerde aanleer van woordeskat beduidend effektiewer was as betekenisafleiding. Die navorser verduidelik hierdie resultate aan die hand van teorieë van die graad-van-uitbreidingsmodel en die konneksionistiese model, en stel voor dat die voorsiening van 'n aantal verskillende kennisaspekte van 'n trefwoord die aanleer van woorde baie vergemaklik.

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/content/lexikos/26/1/EJC198231
2016-01-01
2018-05-24

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