Local Government Bulletin - Volume 10, Issue 1, 2008
Volume 10, Issue 1, 2008
Source: Local Government Bulletin 10 (2008)More Less
In December 2007, two processes that are both important for the future of local government intersected. The Department of Provincial and Local Government (DPLG) published a report on the first phase of its policy review on provincial and local government and the African National Congress (ANC) held its 52nd National Conference in Polokwane.
Source: Local Government Bulletin 10, pp 4 –5 (2008)More Less
Municipalities will play a key role in the government's response to the electricity crisis. In the wake of the recent peak in the ongoing electricity shortages, the Department of Minerals and Energy (DME) published draft regulations that aim to minimise electricity load-shedding and blackouts and improve the quality of electricity supply. To this end, a series of measures is proposed. The regulations are directed at 'licensees', which include municipalities that sell electricity with a licence from Eskom.
Strangulation of local the government : stifling innovation, experimentation and local responsivenessSource: Local Government Bulletin 10, pp 6 –8 (2008)More Less
In the past decade, local government has experienced a mass of legislation regulating its functioning. The question is whether the sheer volume, style, nature and scope of this legislative framework is facilitating or obstructing the achievement of local government's mandate of development. Are the many laws not impeding two key values of local government, namely that municipalities are best placed to gauge community needs and can become sites of innovation and creativity? This article argues that the overload of laws may be strangulating local government's execution of its mandate. The revision of the White Paper on Local Government should therefore also look at the extent and manner of regulation.
Source: Local Government Bulletin 10, pp 10 –11 (2008)More Less
On 19 December 2007 the Minister of Provincial and Local Government published for public comment draft regulations on property rates. The draft regulations set ratios for municipal property rates on different types of properties. A key ratio that stirred much controversy was that the rate on state-owned property should be no more than 25% of the rate on residential property. This has been slammed as unconstitutional and a threat to municipalities' financial sustainability. Moreover, the draft regulations determine that rates on (categories) of properties may not be increased by more than the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
Author David SchmidtSource: Local Government Bulletin 10, pp 12 –15 (2008)More Less
This article was prepared by David Schmidt for the Good Governance Learning Network (GGLN) to stimulate debate and discussion in the GGLN as part of their process of preparing submissions for the DPLG's review of local government. However, the views expressed are his personal views and do not necessarily reflect those of the GGLN or its members. The article focuses on three key areas of reform:
- the need to rethink the current legislative and regulatory requirements regarding participation (and representation);
- the need to simplify and 'unbureaucratise' the specified municipal planning processes; and
- the need for an updated, more dynamic, vision for local government that recognises the need for a much more differentiated approach to different kinds of localities.
Source: Local Government Bulletin 10, pp 16 –17 (2008)More Less
What is subsidiarity? Subsidiarity is a general principle that says that governance should take place as close as possible to the citizens. It translates into the protection of lower levels of government against undue interference by national government. It also translates into a preference for placing functions and powers at lower levels of government where possible.
Author Celine MazarsSource: Local Government Bulletin 10, pp 18 –21 (2008)More Less
''In line with the mandate assigned to municipalities as part of the vision of developmental local government, municipalities are expected to be active role-players in all efforts to prevent the spread of HIV and to mitigate the negative consequences of AIDS for communities'' (DPLG Framework for an Integrated Local Government Response to HIV and AIDS, 2007). The various frameworks and plans guiding the HIV and AIDS response of local government insist on the municipalities' role in mainstreaming HIV, and also in coordinating the local responses.
Author Jaya JosieSource: Local Government Bulletin 10, pp 23 –24 (2008)More Less
The key financial policy objectives for sustainable local government are derived from constitutional obligations. These obligations require municipal organisation, planning and budgeting systems to target the provision of basic services and socio-economic development. Municipal budgets are the main fiscal policy instruments that direct the revenue and expenditure stance of local government in achieving the service delivery targets.
Author Siyambonga HelebaSource: Local Government Bulletin 10, pp 25 –27 (2008)More Less
Source: Local Government Bulletin 10 (2008)More Less
If the member of a province's executive council (MEC) responsible for local government suspects maladministration, fraud, corruption or any other serious malpractice in a municipality, that MEC must designate a person or persons to investigate the matter. This judgment of the Supreme Court of Appeal deals with the rules that must be followed by the MEC in ordering such an investigation.