Local Government Bulletin - Volume 9, Issue 5, 2007
Volume 9, Issue 5, 2007
Author Nico SteytlerSource: Local Government Bulletin 9 (2007)More Less
2007 may prove to have been an important year in the development of local government in South Africa. The announcement by Minister Mufamadi on 31 July of the review of the White Paper on Local Government, coming alongside the development of a White Paper on Provinces, may lead to significant changes.
Source: Local Government Bulletin 9, pp 3 –5 (2007)More Less
Considerable attention has been drawn to local government's ability to facilitate public participation and the role and effective administration of ward committees. Undoubtedly the most important aspect of the local government review is the need to improve the quality of local democracy, the degree of municipal responsiveness and accountability.
Author Jaap De VisserSource: Local Government Bulletin 9, pp 6 –7 (2007)More Less
Ward committees were formally introduced in 2000, and many municipalities soon commenced the process of establishing them. The establishment rate of ward committees across the country now stands at over 90% and is growing, indicating a firm commitment to this mode of community participation. The Municipal Structures Act (Act 117 of 1998) provides that the objective of a ward committee is to "enhance participatory democracy". Throughout the Municipal Systems Act (Act 32 of 2000), ward committees are mentioned as vehicles for community participation.
Source: Local Government Bulletin 9, pp 8 –10 (2007)More Less
The Municipal Fiscal Powers and Functions Act (Act 12 of 2007) gives effect to sections 229(1)(b) and 229(2) of the Constitution and is one of the final building blocks in the creation of a regulatory framework to coordinate macro-economic tax policy objectives across all three spheres of government. The Act took effect on 7 September 2007. In 2003, the Provincial Tax Regulation Process Act was enacted, setting out the framework for provincial taxes; the Municipal Fiscal Powers and Functions Act sets out a similar framework for local government.
Source: Local Government Bulletin 9, pp 12 –15 (2007)More Less
This submission by the Good Governance Learning Network (GGLN) to the local government review provides an assessment of the practice of local governance in South Africa since the introduction of the White Paper in 1998. It is structured around three key thematic areas, which we believe together encompass the entire spectrum of issues that need to be reviewed.
The SALGA country guideline for local government on HIV and Aids : promoting an effective leadership responseSource: Local Government Bulletin 9, pp 16 –20 (2007)More Less
As one of the mandates of local AIDS councils (LACs) is to advise government on policy issues related to HIV and AIDS, political representation in the LAC helps ensure that crucial inputs of AIDS councils reach the agenda of the municipal council. This is one example of the type of local government leadership required to ensure widespread and sustainable responses to HIV and AIDS at the local level. The vital importance of municipal political leadership in the response to HIV and AIDS is also one of the key messages in the "SALGA Country Guideline for Local Government on HIV and AIDS".
Author Shaista KazeeSource: Local Government Bulletin 9, pp 22 –23 (2007)More Less
Author Yonatan FesshaSource: Local Government Bulletin 9, pp 25 –28 (2007)More Less
Until recently, local government in Ethiopia was treated as a 'stepchild' of central and regional government. Although a strongly federal government has been in place since 1995, devolution of power has largely been limited to the regional level without any clear definition of the lower tiers of government.