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- Volume 70, Issue 2, 2004
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science - Volume 70, Issue 2, 2004
Volume 70, Issue 2, 2004
Information literacy at school level : a comparative study between the Netherlands and South Africa : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 70, pp 63 –71 (2004)More Less
This article investigates, on a comparative basis, the current status of information literacy at school level in both the Netherlands and in South Africa. It is argued that information literacy has become one of the most important skills in the information society and that governments have a specific responsibility towards their citizens to prepare them for the challenges posed by the era in which we are living. The concept of information literacy is introduced and the link between information literacy and information education is illustrated. The current Dutch and South African educational systems are discussed from an information literacy perspective. It is concluded that both governments understand the importance of information literacy, but still focus on ICT literacy. It is furthermore argued that libraries can play an important role in the introduction of information literacy at school level.
Internet access and use in reference services in higher education institutions in South Africa : research articleAuthor Fatima DarriesSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 70, pp 72 –85 (2004)More Less
This paper is based on part of a survey that investigated the impact of the Internet on reference services. An electronic survey was conducted using the Web and e-mail to distribute the questionnaire. The target population was the heads of reference services at large libraries and the directors at smaller libraries of the 36 higher education institutions in South Africa. The response rate to the questionnaire was 28 (30.4 %); two returned questionnaires were spoilt. The following results are therefore based on the 26 (28.2%) unspoilt completed questionnaires. These results showed that all libraries surveyed have Internet access, and all but one provided access to their users. Librarians had access to the Internet for a longer period than their users. User Internet training tended to be on a one-to-one basis at the point-of-use. The majority of librarians had attended formal Internet training programmes. While the majority of libraries had web sites, only a small number of librarians had individual pages that they updated and maintained. The majority of libraries provided electronic reference via e-mail and the library web site, but these were characterised by low usage. Libraries lacked adequate computer facilities and, consequently, provided limited Internet access to students. Librarians have integrated the Internet as an information tool, but have not fully exploited what the Internet offers.
An informetric analysis of the corruption literature based on Africa between 1990 and 2001 : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 70, pp 86 –98 (2004)More Less
This paper explores corruption literature as reflected in four online databases in the 12-year period from 1990 to 2001. Descriptive informetrics has been used for the analysis of the publications. The results of the study indicate that there was a remarkable increase in the number of articles from just nine in 1990 to 78 in 1999, followed by a decline in both 2000 and 2001. Although there seems to be a relationship between the number of articles and the level of corruption, the 0.370 correlation value is not significant to warrant a definite conclusion. EBSCO and its databases produced 90.3% while ISI yielded only 9.7%. Magazines yielded 74.1% of the records, and journals 25.9%. The researchers concentrated more on political corruption as opposed to administrative corruption. It was also observed that single authorship of publications on corruption stood at 76.4% for journals and 56.7% for magazines, while co-authored articles constituted 15.5% of journal articles and 8.5% of the magazine articles. Whereas Lotka's Law of Author Productivity applied as far as its theoretical observation is concerned, it does not apply statistically. The applicability of Bradford's Law of Scattering was confirmed.
A tracer study of the East African School of Library and Information Science graduates 1995-1999 working in Uganda : research articleSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 70, pp 99 –109 (2004)More Less
The study examined the appropriateness of EASLIS curriculum to the professional practice in LIS fields in Uganda. It sought to establish where EASLIS, BLIS and M. Sc. Inf. Sc. graduates work, what they do, and whether their education and training meets employer expectations It further identified areas of the curriculum that need revision. The study was mainly qualitative. Purposeful sampling using the snowball/chain and homogeneous strategies were applied. Methods included focus group interviews, content analysis and observation. The findings reveal that the majority of EASLIS graduates from 1995-1999 are employed in academic, government, banking and NGO libraries where they perform various professional activities; employers complain about lack of practical skills among the graduates, the staff-student ratio is unmanageable and specialization through electives is inadequate. It concludes that the curriculum is slanted towards traditional libraries, though not exclusively; the general nature of the curriculum has met some disapproval; the ever-changing LIS scene demands continuing education (CE); the EASLIS academic staff workload affects staff in doing research and participating in professional activities; ICT facilities still leave much to be desired, practicals are lacking in the current curriculum. It recommends that Information Communication Technology be enhanced in the curriculum; Library and ICT facilities be improved; the curriculum should be market driven; field information professionals should also lecture students; the teaching load should be manageable; and practicals be incorporated in the curriculum; and the Uganda Library Association should be more involved in Uganda Library and Information Education.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 70, pp 110 –120 (2004)More Less
The paper explores the impact of educational change in South Africa on public libraries. It surveys the recent literature to conclude that the position of school libraries is precarious and that public librarians feel victimised by the new curriculum. This represents a puzzling contradiction, as librarians' expectations were that the ethos and methodologies of the new curriculum, Curriculum 2005 (C2005), would provide a more favourable climate. The curriculum has indeed brought increased use of public libraries by school learners, yet there has been little recognition in official quarters of the educational role of public libraries. It is suggested that, if librarians are to gain a better footing in curriculum planning, they need to engage with educationists as to the role libraries play in resource-based learning. They will need to provide documented evidence by means of research studies. As an example of such a study, the paper describes the author's study of school learners' use of two public libraries in a disadvantaged community in Cape Town. The libraries were found to be playing a crucial role in the learning programme of the learners. However, it is suggested that the two libraries need to design more systematic structured programmes if the needs of school learners for information literacy education are to be met. This might require explicit endorsement of their educational role by their own governance structures and the provincial Education Department.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 70, pp 121 –131 (2004)More Less
The shortage of reading material and information resources in many South African schools, especially those in poor communities, is a problem that needs to be addressed. While there has been considerable progress with the implementation of an outcomes-based curriculum relying on a learner-centred, resource-based methodology, libraries are largely absent in disadvantaged schools. This paper reviews the situation of school libraries in the Northern Cape, highlighting progress made in the last few years. Lessons drawn from policy and implementation factors have implications for education planners, librarians and library educators.
Transforming serials : The revolution continues. Proceedings of the North American Serials Interest Group, Inc. 17th Annual Conference, June 20-23, 2002, the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, edited by Susan L. Scheiberg and Shelley Neville : book reviewAuthor Caroline E. DeanSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 70, pp 132 –133 (2004)More Less
Joint-use libraries, edited by William Miller, Rita M. Pellen : book review
Cooperative efforts of libraries, edited by William Miller, Rita M. Pellen : book reviewSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 70, pp 133 –134 (2004)More Less